Atanesyan G. —
Fate of the monuments of Great Patriotic War in post-Soviet Armenia
// Man and Culture.
– 2018. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 6.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8744.2018.3.26168 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26168
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This article examines the preservation mechanisms of multiple monuments of the Great Patriotic War in post-Soviet Armenia and the processes of reconsideration of their symbolic meaning for the commemorative practices of recent years. Shortly after the acquisition of sovereignty, Armenia has begun the process of reconsideration of the Soviet crucial events, which led to the fight against the Soviet monuments. Monuments of the Great Patriotic War are the only ones out of the Soviet monuments in Armenia that continue to be interpreted in the previous context. However, multiple monuments of the Great Patriotic War not only have lost their former role in the symbolic landscape of post-Soviet Armenia, but also completely neglected. Throughout the post-Soviet years, multiple monuments to the victims of Nagorno-Karabakh War and Spitak earthquake were erected on the territories of the monuments of Great Patriotic War, forming the pantheons. Based on examination of the monuments erected during the Soviet period dedicated to the victims and heroes of Patriotic War, its is underlined that these monuments and their territories were transformed not only on the physical, but also the symbolic level. Using the methods of observation and interview, the author clarifies the specificity of perception of the aforementioned symbols by the residents of post-Soviet Armenia in celebration of the Victory Day. Over twenty years, May 9 alongside the Victory Day celebrates the Liberation of Shushi and Day of Establishment of the Defense Army; thus, the reminiscence of the Great Patriotic War has gained the national content and lost its former dominant symbolic meaning in public memory. On the other hand, due to the emergence of new pantheons, have activated the subjects of commemorative practices of the recent years.
commemorative practices, graveyard, pantheon, Artsakh War, Great Patriotic War, monument, memorial, war memorial, Victory Day, cityscape
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Kharatyan G. Shagoyan G., Marutyan A., Abramyan L., Stalinskie repres
Music and music culture
Malyutin A.S. —
The evolution of military-formation repertoire of the Russian military orchestras in the Soviet postwar period (1945-1985)
// Man and Culture.
– 2018. – ¹ 3.
– P. 7 - 15.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8744.2018.3.26112 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26112
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The object of this research is the representatives of the Russian musical art – military wind orchestras. The goal is the examination of the problem of establishment of the military-formation repertoire of Russian military orchestra during the war and postwar periods of USSR (1945-1985) in historical-cultural context. Relevance of the article consists in revelation of common peculiarities and principles of the repertoire selection, as well as its future transformations and development. The author gives evaluation to the role of Soviet composers in evolution of the national march music of the indicated timeframe. Analysis of the problem is conducted through the prism of historical events, quantitative-qualitative characteristics of the compositions of military-formation repertoire. Such analysis is necessary for the more complete understanding of the factors that formed the repertoire of the national military orchestras in the postwar time (1945-1985). Author’s special contribution lies in consideration of the characteristic examples of compositions for the military orchestras that relate to one or another time segment from the artistic and compositional-technical perspectives. In conclusion, the author underlines the broadening of composer work towards expansion and enrichment of the repertoire of military orchestras in postwar time.
creative heritage, the evolution of the genre, marching creativity, military band, domestic marches, national music, a massive song, military music, repertoire, soviet composers
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