Philosophy of culture
Aleksandrov N.N. —
Three stages of engineering style of design of the XX century
// Man and Culture. – 2017. – ¹ 1.
– P. 42 - 55.
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Review: This article is dedicated to the question of periodization of design history of the XX century, precisely the period between 1920 and 1960. It is marked as a special “engineering style” with its own distinctive features that are revealed in the text. Within the framework of engineering style, the author highlights three manners that consistently replace each other – archaic, classical, and decadence. On this lowere level of cycles, the regularity is determined that is associated with the 11-year sun cycles explored in A. L. Chizevsky’s heliotaraxy. By the virtue of this mean, design correlates with the history of culture, politics, and evolution of mentality. Thus, a new periodization in the XX century history of design is being established, and the reviewed period serves as its first stage. The author’s main contribution into this work lies in formulation of new periodization in the history of design of the XX century, in other words, a universal technical inter-style with a starting point in 1920 and completion in 1953. It is demonstrated that within the engineering style, have existed and consistently replaced each other the three distinct manners. In addition to this, the author underlines that the most recent manner was postponed for 5 years due to the war, which took all the resources and paralyzed the market competitiveness.
Keywords: art deco, Constructivism, Bauhaus, XX century, mentality, culture, design, style, project, Detroit's baroque
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