Krinitsyn A.B., Galysheva M.P. —
Venetian Text in Russian Poetry of the 19th - 20th Centuries
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 29 - 48.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25264 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25264
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The subject of the research is the image of Venice in Russian poetic texts of the 19th - 20th centuries. The aim of the article is to outline the image of Venice as it is presented in the poetry of the Silver Age, by analyzing the brightest examples of so called 'Venetian' poetry. The authors viewed that poetry as part of the literary tradition and traced back how the perception of the city had been changing over the 19th - 20th centuries, at the same time, they aso analyze the texts they've selected in terms of the writers' ideology using texts by the same authors to clarify the author's message. The authors analyze 'Venetian' texts by Alexander Blok, Nikolay Gumilev, Sergey Gorodetsky and Osip Mandelstam. The author of the article applies the structural analytical method to analyze motifs of 'Venetian' texts and comparative historical method to analyze tranformation of motifs at the diachronic level. The results of the research demonstrate the following: even though poets of the 20th century had very different world views and aesthetic concepts, their images of Venice had a number of typical motifs: transcendence of pure beauty and increasing anxiety of a lyrical hero, tragic perception of the reality and presentiment of death (both of a hero and Venice), and combination of eternity and fragility of the city. Both symbolists and acmeists preferred the image of the night Venice depicted mostly in dark colours. Being an integral phenomenon, the image of Venice had predetermined the modus of each new poetic text that interpreted Venice in its own way while orienting at precedent texts at the same time.
Sergey Gorodetsky, Nikolay Gumilyov, Alexander Blok, signature, Silver age of Russian poetry, night, death, motive, Venice, Osip Mandelstam
Soboleva O. Venetsiya i Peterburg: dialog kul'tur // Chelovek na izlome kul'tur: tezisy dokladov Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy konferentsii aspirantov i studentov. Perm', 1998. S. 73–74.
Maykov A.N. Izbrannye proizvedeniya L., «Sovetskiy pisatel'», 1977.
Kuz'mina N.B. Ital'yanskie goroda Vozrozhdeniya v lirike A. Bloka i N.S. Gumileva // Iskusstvo i obrazovanie. 2000.-¹ 1 (11). S. 6-26.
Vaulina E. Obrazy Italii v poezii Nikolaya Gumileva // Italiya i russkaya kul'tura XV-XX vekov. M., 2000. S. 101 – 118.
Losev L.V. «Real'nost' zazerkal'ya»: Venetsiya Iosifa Brodskogo» // Inostrannaya literatura. 1996. ¹ 5. S. 224–237.
Komolova N.P. Italiya v russkoy kul'ture Serebryanogo veka: vremena i sud'by. M., 2005. 482 s.
Alontseva I. V. Struktura i semantika "ital'yanskogo teksta" N. Gumileva: dissertatsiya na soiskanie uchenoy stepeni kandidata filologicheskikh nauk. Smolensk, 2008.
Komolova N.P. «Italiya» Akhmatovoy i Gumileva // Antsiferovskie chteniya. Materialy i tezisy konferentsii (20-22 dekabrya 1989 g.). L., 1989. S. 250-269.
Bondarenko Y. —
Quasi-Autobiographical nature of PR-Biography
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 49 - 62.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25301 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25301
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PR-biography is a new speech genre that was created as a result of adaptation of a traditional biographical narration to PR-dicourse essense and purposes. The subject of this research is the main grammar, lexico-semantic and textual linguistic means that indirectly demonstrate the speech situation and discursive context in which PR-biography texts and genres are created and function. These means also indicate transformations that happen to the biographical narration model as a result of its being included in the PR-discourse. Along with observation, induction and deduction, the author of the article has also used the method of explanatory description that is based on discovering relations between linguistic facts and extra-linguistic (communicative) situation that combines communicative features of both biography and autobiography in one text. The author of the research also describes how these features are demonstrated through the first-person and third-person narrations that become stylistic means of modelling a distance between a hero and audience, particular implementation of an authorship category and means of expressive a positive attitude developed by PR-biography. The results of the research can be used to clarify existing classifications of PR-biographies as well as to develop recommendations about how to write PR-biographical texts.
panegyric, authorship, PR relations, PR genres, PR discourse, discourse, speech genre, autobiography, PR-biography, biography
Aksenova A. V., Anisimova T. V. Printsipy postroeniya sistemy PR-zhanrov // Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Yazykoznanie. 2014. ¹ 1. S. 20-25.
Gundarin M. V. Kniga rukovoditelya otdela PR: prakticheskie rekomendatsii. SPb.: «Piter», 2008. 368 s.
Danilina V. V., Lukanina M. V., Minaeva L. V., Salieva L. K. Svyazi s obshchestvennost'yu. Sostavlenie dokumentov: Teoriya i praktika. M.: Aspekt Press, 2008. 288 s.
Egorova-Gantman E. V., Pleshakov K. V. Politicheskaya reklama. M.: Nikkolo M, 1999. 240 s.
Ignat'ev D., Beketov D. Nastol'naya kniga Public Relations. 2-e izd. M.: Al'pina-Biznes Buks, 2004. — 496 s.
Krivonosov A. D. Zhanry PR-teksta. — SPb.: SPbGU, 2001. 135 s.
Krivonosov A. D. Osnovy teorii svyazey s obshchestvennost'yu / A. D. Krivonosov, O. G. Filatova, M. A. Shishkina. SPb.: Piter, 2012. 384 s.
Kultysheva I. V. Analiz ispol'zovaniya sredstv rechevogo vozdeystviya v ofitsial'nykh biografiyakh gubernatorov Sverdlovskoy oblasti // Ubezhdenie i dokazatel'stvo v sovremennom politicheskom
Milovanova A.I. —
Creation of an Unreal Phenomenon by Phraseological Units Using the Somatic Component
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 63 - 69.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25503 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25503
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Phraseological units convey their meanings through an unreal image and are of great interest to researchers because phraseological units have contradictory notions inside their structure as well as components that have a cultural importance. The author of the article analyzes means of creation of unreal phenomena by phraseological units with the somatic component. The author pays special attention to the role of somatism in the process of creation of an unreal phenomenon, phraseological activity of somatism and cultural specific features of such phraseological units in the Russian language. The author has used the classification and analogue methods which allowed to divide phraseological units into groups depending on the frequency of this or that somatism being used. The main approach to studying cultural specific features of phraseological units was the component analysis and determination of the cultural knowledge conveyed by the structure and vocabulary of phraseological units. As a result of the research, the author offers her own classification of means of creation of unreal phenomena by phraseological units using the somatic component. This allows to define the main patterns of phraseologization of these wordcombination as well as to describe somatisms that are most active in terms of phraseology and reflect cultural specific features. The results of the analysis demonstrate that cultural specific features of somatisms in the Russian language are caused by a specific attitude of a Russian to particular parts of the body.
cultural specific features, structure of idiom, unreal phenomenon, somatic component, somatism, phraseological unit, idiom, human, body, ways of forming
Shmelev A. D. Russkaya yazykovaya model' mira: Materialy k slovaryu. – M.: Yazyki slavyanskoy kul'tury, 2002. – 224 s.
Ushakov D. N. Tolkovyy slovar' sovremennogo russkogo yazyka. M., 2014. – 800 s.
Fibra [Elektronnyy resurs] // Tolkovyy slovar' Ozhegova. URL: https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ogegova/278968 (data obrashcheniya 13.01.2018).
Tolkovyy slovar' russkogo yazyka s vklyucheniem svedeniy o proiskhozhdenii slov / RAN. Institut russkogo yazyka im. V. V. Vinogradova. Otv. red. N. Yu. Shvedova. – M., 2007: Izdatel'skiy tsentr «Azbukovnik». – 1175 s.
Petrova L. I. Chelovecheskoe telo i emotsii v kontekste lingvokul'turologii // Vestnik PGU. Seriya: sotsial'no-gumanitarnye nauki. Pskov: PskovGU, 2007. – ¹1. – S.133–144.
Starykh O. V. Somatizmy kak osobyy klass slov v leksicheskoy sisteme tserkovnoslavyanskogo yazyka // Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svyato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriya 3: Filologiya. Vestnik PSTGU III: Filologiya. 2011. – Vyp. 2 (24). – S. 80–85.
Zankovets A. A. Leksicheskaya polisemiya i frazeologichesk
Balikoeva M.I. —
National-Cultural Peculiarities of Farewell (the Analysis of the Ossetic and English Languages)
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 70 - 76.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25461 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25461
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In her article Balikoeva analyses speech etiquette farewell formulas in the Ossetic and English languages. Cross-cultural differences, specific picture of the world of different nations and language differences affect relationships between people of different culture and efficiency of their interaction and mutual understanding. This creates the need to analyze different mechanisms of cultural perception. The author of the article analyzes and compares speech farewell formulas in two languages in order to define similarities and differences in the national speech etiquette, the latter being part of natoinal culture, behavior and communication. In the course of her research the author has used methods of semantic, structural and comparative analysis, continuous sampling method and survey using a questionnaire. The results of the comparative analysis demonstrate common and specific features of farewell formulas in these two languages. The author underlines that speech farewell formulas are a stereotype that demonstrates one's attribution to a certain language and culture and performs different functions. They are intended to preserve national culture, on the one hand, and identify one's attribution to a certian national culture, on the other hand.
national-cultural peculiarities, cliche, communication, verbal behaviour, the English language, the Ossetic language, farewell formulas, speech etiquette, cultural lingusitics, communicative situation
Abaev V. I. Istoriko-etimologicheskiy slovar' osetinskogo yazyka. L.: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR. 1979. T.1. A-K 656 s. (http://allingvo.ru/LANGUAGE/etimolog_slovar.htm) (data obrashcheniya: 10.01.2018)
Vinokur T.G. Govoryashchiy i slushayushchiy. Varianty rechevogo povedeniya. M.: Nauka,1993.271 s.
Dzhandar B.M. Funktsii stereotipov v formirovanii yazykovoy kartiny mira // Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Filologiya i iskusstvovedenie.-2016.-Vyp. 4.-S. 63-68
Dzakhova V.T., Balikoeva M.I. Natsional'no-kul'turnaya spetsifika privetstviy (na materiale osetinskogo i angliyskogo yazykov // Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. ¹ 2(80). Chast' 1. S. 74-77
Isaev M. I. Ocherki po frazeologii osetinskogo yazyka. Ordzhonikidze: Severo-Osetinskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo. 1964. S. 40. http://ironau.ru/isajev-frazeologio.html (data obrashcheniya: 25.12.2017).
Stupin L.P., Ignat'ev K.S. Sovremennyy angliyskiy rechevoy etiket. L. : Izd-vo LGU, 1980. – 143s.
Formanovskaya N. I. Russ
Solntseva E.S. —
Relevance of Elements in Multimodal Texts
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 77 - 84.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25194 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25194
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The subject of the research is the multimodal elements in 100 articles of electronic edition of The New York Times of March, 2017. Solntseva examines various kinds of such elements, in particular, photo, video, hyperlink to associated articles, hyperlinks to the front-page news, subscription offer, advertising and technical links. The author focuses on frequency with which these elements can be found in electronic articles. The author also analyzes the dependence of the frequency of multimodal elements on their relevance. The author applies the method of empirical analysis (observation) and describes kinds of multimodal elements in the aforesaid edition using the method of continuous sampling as well as uses the method of classification depending on the frequency of each element in a given or other articles. The main result of the research is the author's description of 5 relevance levels of multimodal elements and discovery of the inverse relation between information relevance and frequency of references to this information in a given or other articles. This dependence can be described using the following formula: the more likely an element is to appear in an article and the more frequent similar elements are found within an article, the lower their relevance for the article is. The author also discovers the inverse dependence between the frequency of a multimodal element and relevance thereof: the more relevant information is, the more frequent this information can be found in articles and the more frequent this information is expressed in the best parts of the article.
levels of relevance, relevance, mass media discourse, mass media text, polycode, multimodal elements, multimodality, types of relevance, New York Times, English language
Makaruk L. Linguistik Approaches to the Study of Multimodal Texts. // Within Language, Beyond Theories (Volume III): Discourse Analysis, Pragmatics and Corpus-based Studies. Ed. Malec W., Rusinek M. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015. P. 26-36.
Machin. D. Introduction to Multimodal Analysis. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2007. 224 p.
Kress G. Multimodality: Exploring Contemporary Methods of Communication. London: Routledge, 2010. 236 p.
Bazalgette C., Buckingham D. Literacy, media and multimodality: a critical response. // Literacy, Vol.47 ¹ 2, 2013. P. 95-102.
Shipova I. A. Funktsional'naya sushchnost' mul'tikodovosti kak mnogourovnevogo lingvisticheskogo znaka (na materiale nemetskoyazychnogo khudozhestvennogo teksta) // Istoricheskaya i sotsial'no-obrazovatel'naya mysl'. 2013. – ¹ 5 (21). S.289 293.
Chicherina N. V. Tipologiya mediatekstov kak osnova formirovaniya mediagramotnosti // Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gos. ped. un-ta im. Gertsena. Seriya: Obshchestvennye i gumanitarnye nauki. 2007. ¹ 9 (47). S.159 166.
Ovchinnikova O. —
Subculture of French Metropolises: Performance Features and Patterns of Enriching Vocabulary of Youth Argot
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 85 - 90.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25579 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25579
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Today nonstandard becomes a marker of social, political and cultural changes in the life of the society. Nonstandard is typical for metropolises and their suburbs, young people being the main part of population there. Youth argot plays an important role in nonstandard as a system. Representatives of this reference group try to stay aloof from the other part of the society so they have their own subculture. At the same time, youth quickly assimilates new trends of the society. The analysis carried out by the author demonstrates that this reference group tends to a fast yet full communication of ideas as it is required by the fast pace of their life. This is why youth word creation is mostly focused on the play upon the appearance of the word. The results of analysing empirical material selected from specialized sources of uncodified speech using the continuous sampling method demonstrate that French youth do not only assimilate existent words and patterns of vocabulary enrichment in accordance with their needs and purposes but also create their own method of writing to communicate through messangers and SMS. The importance of youth vocabulary is growing as a result of extended cross-cultural communication and international contacts. Young people are open for everything new and quite vively respond to changing realities. Thus, analysis of their vocabulary allows to better understand world views and picture of the world of young people and to adapt to the environment they live in.
internet communication, borrowing, abbreviation, truncation, metropolis, youth argot, subculture, nonstandard, messenger, SMS
David J., Goncalves H. L’écriture électronique, une menace pour la maîtrise de la langue? // Le Français aujourd’hui. 2007. ¹ 156. P. 39-48.
Sergeeva T. S. Abbreviatura v sisteme leksicheskikh sokrashcheniy // Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. ¹ 6 (24). C. 174-179.
Novikova L. A. Abbreviatsiya kak fenomen mezhkul'turnoy kommunikatsii v seti internet // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya «Istoriya i filologiya». 2013. ¹ 2. C. 126-133.
Ovchinnikova O. A. Frantsuzskoe argo kontsa XX veka: slovoobrazovanie i semantika: diss. … k. filol. n. Moskva, 2010. 182 s.
Mandelbaum-Reiner F. Suffixation gratuite et signaletique textuelle d'argot // Langue française. P., 1991. ¹ 90. P. 106-112.
Bagheri T. K. Etude sur la formation du verlan dans la langue française // Pazhuhesh-e Zabanha-ye Khareji: Special Issue, French. 2009. ¹ 53. P. 5-21.
Beregovskaya E. M. Verlan na novom vitke svoey istorii // Normy chelovecheskogo obshcheniya: Tezisy dokladov mezhdun
Myth and mythemes
Spalek O.N. —
National Stereotypes in Terms of Polish Phraseology and Modern Social Research
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– P. 91 - 99.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25593 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25593
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The subject of this research article is the analysis of Polish national auto- and heterostereotypes. Stereotypes are an essential element of the cultural code used by a group at a certain time and represent a mental picture of the world. Self-identification inevitably makes one oppose himself or herself to 'aliens', i.e. representatives of other language groups, nationalities and races. This is the reason why phraseological units often verbalize stereotypes about other nations. As stable beliefs, stereotypes are based on cultural specific features, traditions, religion, social and economic life of a certain ethnic group. In this research Spalek compares stable beliefs conveyed by phraseological units and obtained in the course of surveys of auto- and heterostereotypes in a modern Polish society. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author describes similarities and differences of national stereotypes conveyed by Polish phraseological units containing horonyms and ethnonyms and discovered as a result of recent Polish researches. As a result of this research, the author discovers that stable beliefs conveyed by phraseological units often do not conform to modern stereotypes. The latter may change over the time, lose their importance and be replaced with new ones.
linguistic view of the world, stereotype, heterostereotype, autostereotype, horonym, ethnonym, phraseology, paroemia, Polish, sociological survey
Sandomirskaya I. Idioma i kul'tura: v poiskakh obshchego osnovaniya. // Etnolingwistyka. Lublin, 1996. – S. 9 – 23.
Teliya V.M. Chto takoe frazeologiya. M.: Nauka, 1966. – 100s.
Krzyżanowski J., Świrko St. Nowa księga przysłów i wyrażeń przysłowiowych polskich, t. I – IV. Warszawa: 1967 – 1968.-XXXIX, 881, 1165, 996, 627 s.
Gyulumyants K.M. Pol'sko-russkiy frazeologicheskiy slovar': V 2 t. – T. 1. A-M. – 688 s. T. 2. N-Ż – 718 s.-Mn.: Ekonompress, 2004.
Wielki słownik frazeologiczny PWN z przysłowiami. Warszawa: PWN, 2009. – 840s.
Skorupka St. Słownik frazeologiczny języka polskiego. T. 1-788 s. T. 2 – 905 s. Warszawa : Wiedza Powszechna, 1967 – 1968.
Rocznik statystyczny Rzeczpospolitej Polski. [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: http://stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/RS_rocznik_statystyczny_rp_2013.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 28.02.2018 g.).
Jacy jesteśmy? Polacy o sobie samych. Autoportret Polaka. [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://www.polityka.pl/
Lyulina A.V. —
Abductive Speech Acts in Propaganda Discourse of the Great Britain
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 100 - 106.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25172 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25172
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Being the discourse with a dominating manipulative intention, propaganda discourse uses a lot of speech acts with high manipulation potential. One of the kinds of speech acts is the abductive speech act described by Lyulina as the means of representing abductive thinking of a speech producer that contributes to a fuller undrestanding of necessary perlocutionary effect. According to the classification offered by the author of the research, most frequently the Great Britain propaganda discourse uses the following abductive speech acts: abductive speech acts with an informative component containing a metaphor; abductive speech acts with an informative component containing comparison, abductive speech acts with an informative component containing a phraseological unit or other fixed expression (proverb or saying). The subject of this research is the particular functions of abductive speech acts in propaganda discourse of the Great Britain. The research is based on the author's substantiation of the recipient-centered approach and intentional analysis as the main research method. The novelty of this research is caused by the fact that the author discovers and describes a special kind of manipulative speech acts as well as carries out an analysis of particular functions performed by these speech acts in propaganda discourse of the Great Britain based on the recipient-centered approach offered by the author. As a result of her research, Lyulina makes the following conclusions: abductive speech acts are very frequently used by famous politicians (20% of the overall number of manipulative speech acts being used); in most cases abductive speech acts trigger such manipulation targets as 'availability threshold' and the most significant physical manipulation targets (emotions, instincts, feelings).
simile, idiom, metaphor, abductive speech act, recipient, speech producer, manipulation target, speech manipulation, propaganda discourse, perlocutionary effect
Antonova A.V. Rechevaya manipulyatsiya v predvybornom agitatsionnom diskurse Velikobritanii. M.: OOO IPTs «Maska», 2011. 367s.
Grushin B. A. Massovoe soznanie: Opyt opredeleniya i problemy issledovaniya. M.: Politizdat, 1987. 368s.
Dilts R. Fokusy yazyka. Izmenenie ubezhdeniy s pomoshch'yu NLP. SPb: Piter, 2010. 256s.
Izard K.E. Psikhologiya emotsiy. SPb.: PITER, 2009. 464s.
Maslov E.S. Ozhidanie osushchestvleniya sotsial'nogo ideala kak fenomen massovogo soznaniya: avtoref. diss. … kand. filos. nauk. Kazan', 2003. 24s.
Fet A.I. Instinkt i sotsial'noe povedenie. M.: Sova, 2005. 652s.
Chudinov A.P. Metaforicheskaya mozaika v sovremennoy politicheskoy kommunikatsii. Ekaterinburg: Ural. gos. ped. un-t., 2003. 248s.
Antonova A.V. How politicians do things with words: Intentional analyses of pre-election speeches // California Linguistic Notes. Volume XXXVI. No. 1. California, Fullerton, 2011. URL: http://hss.fullerton.edu/linguistics/cln
Lyulina Anna V. Basic emotions as specific group of manipulation targets in politica
Monograph peer reviews
Selemeneva O.A. —
About the Verbalization of a Non-Natural Reality. Review of the Book by Shlyakhov V. I., Saakyan L. N. The Text in the Communicative Space. M.: LENAND, 2017.
– 2018. – ¹ 1.
– P. 107 - 110.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.23320 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=23320
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The reviewed work is the monograph of the teachers of Pushkin State Russian language Institute V. I. Shlyakhov, Professor of the department of the theory and practice of the teaching Russian as a foreign language, and L. N. Saakyan, associate Professor of the department the General and Russian linguistics. In the book the authors describe categories of text in the semantic-structural and cognitive-communicative aspects. This approach allows to study the indissoluble unity of the surface structure of the text and its main categories and the deep structures. The monograph consists of three parts. In the first chapter «The Main categories of the text» analyzes the communicative space as a unique en-vironment, which fully manifested the meaning of the words and emo-tionally-estimated relation of man to inform. It examines the traditional text category (coherence (cohesion), temporality, modality and others) in the light of the cognitive-communicative approach. In the second chapter «The Phenomenon of the scenarist in oral and written texts» discusses modern linguistic doctrine of the text, in particular the theory of the scripts and frames, the theory of the impact of the texts on consciousness and human activity. The authors use the theory of the scripts and frames in the analysis of different types of speech activity (including such com-plex as the communication in the mode of confrontation, of domination, collaboration) and describe the stage of interpretation of scenarios of verbal interaction. The third chapter is «The Category of indirection in the texts (indirect ways of conveying thoughts and emotions in the text)» is dedicated to categories of indirection as the main features of indirect, complicated meaningful communication. The authors describe such indi-rect means of information transfer, as metaphors, irony, euphemisms, al-lusions, omissions, etc. The paper discusses a number of research techniques that can be used to identify in the texts meanings, concentrated in the deep structures of metaphors, parables, euphemisms, idioms, and allusions. Special attention is paid to explanatory techniques that reveal the deep structure of the text. The advantage of the book is the abundance of the examples of art (prose and poetry) texts by national and foreign authors with comments. The monograph has a theoretical and application nature. The authors’ material has direct access to the practice of the teaching Russian as a foreign language.
deep structure, text category, cognitive-communicative approach, communicative space, speech activity, Russian language, text, concept, research methodology, explanatory techniques
Shlyakhov V. I., Saakyan L. N. Tekst v kommunikativnom prostranstve. M.: LENAND, 2017. 240 s