The history of humanitarian science
Khadyev D.V. —
Humanism and religion in the works of Johann Gottfried Herder
// Philosophical Thought.
– 2018. – ¹ 6.
– P. 1 - 8.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8728.2018.6.26163 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26163
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This article examines the concept of humanism of the German philosopher-enlightener J. G. Herder in the context of his philosophy of religion. The doctrine of this thinker presents interest as an important stage in the history of European freethought. Herder, being in the epicenter of German Enlightenments and actively participating in literary life of the country, has laid the foundation for the subsequent flourishing of the German thought. It significantly affected the establishment of liberal theology and distribution of the pantheistic ideas in Germany. Primarily on the materials of the mature works of Herder, particularly his fundamental composition “Outlines of a Philosophy of the History of Man”, the author attempted to identify the specific features of humanism of the German philosopher and refer him to a certain historical-philosophical type. The author concludes that Herder considered religion a product of anthropogenesis, i.e. the emergence and evolution of religion was viewed by him from the materialistic perspective. Supranaturalism is practically excluded. This point of the teaching puts the philosopher in well-known opposition to the Orthodox Christian doctrine. Freethought with regards to religion, however, does not make Herder an ardent anti-clerical and atheist. He finds in religion multiple positive aspects, as well as claims that the religious contemplation of the world is primary, and human culture takes its roots namely in religion. Although Herder’s teaching is not free from the religions elements as a whole, he defends human dignity, his right to happiness in earthly life, and therefore, his views can be characterize as the secular humanism.
culture, pantheism, atheism, supranaturalism, humanity, anthroposociogenesis, free-thinking, secular humanism, Herder, religion
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Fates and outlines of civilizations
Ugrin I.M. —
The problem of development of Russian civilization in terms of globalization
// Philosophical Thought.
– 2018. – ¹ 6.
– P. 9 - 22.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8728.2018.6.26216 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26216
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This research examines the problem of existence of the Russian civilization; however not from the usual perspective of the debates whether or not Russian is a separate civilization and its relationship with the European civilization, but rather from the perspective of the question about its evolution and transformation as a factor of such development. On one hand, the author demonstrate the scientific purposefulness of the use of civilizational approach for analyzing the current state of Russian society and state. On the other hand, civilizational approach is inseparably associated with the problem of historical development, which manifests in this article as a value imperative. Civilizational paradigm is not opposed to the idea of historical renewal, but couples with it; the historical development is understood as a process inscribed into the existential forms of local civilization, although not limited by them. The author comes to a conclusion that the only way out for Russia’s self-preservation under the established geopolitical, geoeconomic, and geocultural circumstances is the reference to the internal resources of civilizational development. However, such return is not a revival of the traditional institutions in forms of their existence in the past or simple reproduction of the traditional practices, but a renewal based on the creative response in the context of civilizational development (rather than strictly national or modernization), a renewal through the sociocultural evolution.
Russian state, cultural core, historical challenges, identity, globalization, transformation, development, civilization, integrity, sociocultural revolution
Sravnitel'noe izuchenie tsivilizatsiy. Khrestomatiya. Sostavitel', redaktor i vstup. stat'ya – B.S. Erasov. M.: Aspekt Press, 2001. 556 s.
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Russkiy mir kak tsivilizatsionnoe prostranstvo. M., IF RAN, 2011. 303 s.
Ugrin I.M. Faktory obrazovaniya rossiyskogo imperskogo gosudarstva // Rossiyskaya gosudarstvennost' i imperskaya paradigma: filosofskiy analiz. M.: IF RAN, 2017. 106 s.
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