Methodology of philosophical learning
Mekhed G.N. —
Thought experiment in philosophy and ethics
// Philosophical Thought. – 2017. – ¹ 5.
– P. 1 - 13.
Read the article
Review: The relevance of this article is substantiated by the popularity of thought experiment as one of the key methods of modern philosophy. The author examines the differences between the thought and empirical experiments. It is demonstrated that the role of thought experiment is far from being reduced to the study of theories of internal consistency, but rather that it can be presented as an independent, primarily, critical method of philosophical analysis, as well as a mediator between the intuitions of common sense and abstract theoretical constructs. Based on this, the author underlines the role of thought experiment as an important tool for examination of the limits of rationality itself, as well as formulation of the “complex issues” of philosophy. The article also reviews the various strategies of application of thought experiment in the normative ethical discussions – on the example of theories and thought experiments of Nozick, D. Thompson, and others. At the same time, the author notes the closeness of the thought experiment in its narrative-metaphoric form to fiction, which has already gained the status of an interpreter of the philosophical and normative-ethical theories onto the figurative language of intuition.
Keywords: Foot, Nagel, fiction, metodology, ethics, philosophy, thought experiment, Chalmers, Dennet, Kant
Akhutin A.V. Eksperiment // Entsiklopediya epistemologii i filosofii nauki. M.: «Kanon+», ROOI «Reabilitatsiya», 2009. 1248 s.
Beznosov V.G. Problema obosnovaniya morali v tvorchestve F.M. Dostoevskogo. Dissertatsiya na soiskanie uchenoy stepeni kandidata filosofskikh nauk. L., 1981. 171 s.
Guseynov A. A. Ponyatie morali // A.A. Guseynov. Filosofiya — mysl' i postupok: stat'i, doklady, lektsii, interv'yu. Spb: SpbGUP, 2012. 848 s.
Dennet D. Sladkie grezy: Chem filosofiya meshaet nauke o soznanii. M.: URSS: LENAND, 2017. 304 s.
Dostoevskiy F. Brat'ya Karamazovy. M.: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1973. 816 s.
Klinger F.M. Faust, ego zhizn', deyaniya i nizverzhenie v ad. M., L.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo khudozhestvennoy literatury, 1961. 228 s.
Laut R. Filosofiya Dostoevskogo v sistematicheskom izlozhenii. M.: «Respublika», 1996. 447 s.
Kashnikov B. N. Liberal'nye teorii spravedlivosti i politicheskaya praktika Rossii. Velikiy Novgorod: NovGU imeni Yaroslava Mudrogo, 2004. 260 s.
Klinger F.M. Faust, ego zhizn', deyaniya i
History of ideas and teachings
Klimkov O.S. —
Hesychia and philosophy in Gregory Palamas’ doctrine
// Philosophical Thought. – 2017. – ¹ 5.
– P. 14 - 30.
Read the article
Review: The object of this research is one of the most important and relevant questions of hesychast polemic in Byzantine Empire of the XIV century, namely the status and meaning of philosophy in the concept of its prominent representative Gregory Palamas. The subject of the analysis if the particular historical discussion, during the course of which the philosopher established and consolidated his views upon the role and place of philosophical knowledge within the spiritual teaching of hesychasm. The author also carefully examines the views of Palamas’ opponent Barlaam, tracing the features of intellectualism of the antique philosophy within it. Using the phenomenological analytical method, the author analyzes the problem of correlation of mind and body in the process of spiritual improvement, which leads to the conclusion about the two antagonistic approaches towards understanding of the link between psychic and physical in human nature. The work explores the profound for Palamas distinction between the essence and energy of mind, as well as his teaching about theosis. The author underlines a close interconnection of gnoseological and anthropological problematic, because the ability of cognizing God directly depends on the way of human existence, which includes not just the intellectual and emotional spheres, but also the corporeal practices. The article reviews the question of expression of mystical experience, which is connected with the problem of religious and metaphysical authority. The conclusion is made that Palamas’ clarification of mind outgrows the initial ethical-psychological level, and reveals its essence in gnoseological and ontological dimension.
Keywords: apophatic theology, knowledge of God, Gregory Palamas, Byzantic philosophy, Palamism, Hesychasm, theosis, asceticism, mysticism, Christian anthropology
Klimkov O.S. Problema serdtsa v palamizme i v russkoy religioznoy filosofii. // Sotsiologiya. Rossiyskaya sotsiologicheskaya assotsiatsiya. 2008. ¹ 2. S. 261-267.
Klimkov O.S. Palamizm kak teoreticheskoe osmyslenie vostochno-khristianskoy isikhastskoy traditsii. // Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena. 2008. ¹ 81. S. 30-40.
Isikhazm: Annotirovannaya bibliografiya / Pod red. S.S. Khoruzhego. – M.: Izd. Sovet Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2004. – 912 s.
Kiprian (Kern). Antropologiya sv. Grigoriya Palamy. (Vstup. st. A.I. Sidorova. M., 1996. – 450 s.
Bredshou D. Aristotel' na Vostoke i na Zapade: Metafizika i razdelenie khristianskogo mira / Otv. red. A.R. Fokin / In-t filosofii RAN. – M.: Yazyki slavyanskikh kul'tur, 2012. – 384 s.
Grigoriy Palama. Triady v zashchitu svyashchenno-bezmolstvuyushchikh. / Per., poslesl., prim. V.V. Bibikhina. 2-e izd.: – SPb.: «Nauka», 2004. – 384 s.
Losskiy V.N. Ocherk misticheskogo bogosloviya Vostochnoy Tserkvi. Dogmaticheskoe bogoslovie. – M., 1991. – 288 s.