History of regions of Russia
Tatarnikova A.I. —
Everyday life of peasants in extreme conditions of migration to Siberia (late XIX – early XX centuries)
// Genesis: Historical research.
– 2018. – ¹ 9.
– P. 1 - 13.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2018.9.27250 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=27250
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The subject of this research is the everyday life of peasant migrants, who in the course of their migration got into extreme circumstances substantiated by the immediate move to new lands, as well as the need for economic, sociocultural, psychological and physiological adaptation at the new places of settlement. The author takes into account the problems of transportation, natural and climatic, socioeconomic and other factors and circumstances that determine the extremeness of everyday life of the voluntary migrants. The work is founded on the procedural and modernization approaches. The first interprets the everyday life as ordinary, mundane existence of people; while the extremeness is associated with certain emergency, anomaly, standards of living that changed under the influence of certain factors, accustomed mindset and behavior. The second approach represents an interdisciplinary model of examination of society, its transition from the traditional to contemporary type, accompanied by destruction of the traditional values and mental perceptions. For the first time the everyday life of peasants is characterized in the extreme circumstances. A conclusion is made that migration was a factor that affected the sociocultural transformation of Siberian society. Extremeness of migration manifested in the most severe circumstances of adaptation of the migrants in new lands: unsanitariness and transport failure, mass gatherings of migrants at migration points, unsatisfactory financial situation, food, high incidence of disease and death, etc. The migrants were forced to change their value orientations, find the ways of interaction with autochthonous population, use new life experience.
food, dwelling, interaction, adaptation, extreme daily life, peasants, Siberia, resettlement, unsanitary condition, morbidity
Egorysheva I. V., Goncharova S. G. Meditsinskoe obespechenie pereseleniya krest'yan v Sibir' v khode stolypinskoy reformy // Problemy sotsial'noy gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny. 2013. ¹ 3. S. 58–60.
Rubakin N. A. Rasskazy o Zapadnoy Sibiri ili o guberniyakh Tobol'skoy i Tomskoy i kak tam zhivut lyudi. M.: Izd-vo «Posrednik», 1908. 186 s.
Sbornik statisticheskikh svedeniy ob ekonomicheskom polozhenii pereselentsev v Tomskoy gubernii / Pod red. V. Ya. Nagnibedy. Tomsk, 1913. Vyp. I. 365 s.
Zemblinov V. I. O sanitarnykh usloviyakh massovoy perevozki po zheleznym dorogam pereselentsev i rabochikh // Trudy IX Pirogovskogo s'ezda vrachey. SPb., 1905. T. V. S. 3–62.
Smirnov S., Smirnova V. Vrachebno-sanitarnoe obsluzhivanie pereselentsev na zheleznykh dorogakh Aziatskoy Rossii v nachale XX veka // Evraziyskiy zhurnal regional'nykh i politicheskikh issledovaniy. 2003. T. 10. ¹ 2(3). S. 182–200.
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Pereselenie v Sibir' // Niva. 1897. 1
History and Economics
Sukiasyan A.A. —
The evolution of state investment policy in Russia during the late 1980’s – 1990’s: historical context
// Genesis: Historical research.
– 2018. – ¹ 9.
– P. 14 - 24.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2018.9.27352 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=27352
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This article is dedicated to the historical experience of the establishment of state investment policy in Russia at the initial stage of market reforms. The subject of this research is the complex of conceptual, legal and social components on the Russian investment policy during the late 1980’s – 1990’s. The goal consists in description of the role of the Russian investment policy in the context of formation of the new sociopolitical and economic space of the country, including the peculiarities of the process of establishment of state investment strategy, as well as demonstration of the importance of investment problematic for the Russian business press, national business community, and others. The article is conducted on the basis of the principles of historicism, use of systemic analysis, methods of retrospect and actualization, and interdisciplinary approach. As a result, the author restores the image of the establishment and implementation of state investments policy in Russia during the late 1980’s – 1990’s. The scientific novelty lies in determination of the role and place of investment policy in the context of modernization transit of the 1990’s. The author comes to a conclusion that the indicated period in the history of Russian investment policy is characterizes by the intense creation of program documents and legal acts, the practical implementation of which was hindered by the fragmentariness of development of the market system as a whole. Herewith, the priorities of the modern Russian investment policy were formulated in the 1990’s.
concessions, incorporating enterprises, Russian reforms, foreign investments, history of the Russian economy, history of Russia of the latest time, Russian investment policy, investment legislation, business press, social and economic modernization
Shakhnazarov A., Royzman I. Investitsionnaya privlekatel'nost' regionov // Investitsii v Rossii. 1996. ¹ 9. S.37-39.
Gizatullin Kh.N., Koshchegulova I.R., Kalimullina F.F. Investitsionnaya politika i ekonomicheskiy rost v regione: problemy finansovogo i resursnogo obespecheniya. Ufa: UNTs RAN, 1994. – 28 s.
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