Ethnography and ethnology
Khaliulina A.I. —
Language and cultural development of Tatar minority in Bashkortostan
// Genesis: Historical research.
– 2018. – ¹ 5.
– P. 97 - 108.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2018.5.25881 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25881
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The subject of this research is the language and cultural development of ethnic groups in the polynational region. The object of this research is the Tatars of Bashkortostan. The problems of ethnocultural development of Tatar language population in Bashkortostan in the late 1980’s have become an accelerator in creation of Tatar national cultural clubs and organizations, which raised concerns regarding the studying of Tatar language in schools of the Republic, creation of theatres and philharmonic halls in Tatar language districts, expansion of the mass media in Tatar language. Methodological foundation is the historical-chronological method that allows revealing the indicated processes in diachronic cut, as well as sociological method that views the language and cultural development of Tatar minority in polynational region in synchronic cut. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that for the first time with the attraction of normative document on language issues and results of sociological survey, an attempt was made to describe the language and cultural development of Tatar language population in Bashkortostan. A conclusion is made that all of the aforementioned problems to a certain extent were realized by the republican authorities, although some questions remained unnoticed and were not removed from the agenda. Among the paramount, in accordance with an opinion of Tatar intelligentsia, is recognition the Tatar as national language alongside the Bashkir and Russian. The author underlines that insufficient TV and radio coverage in Tatar language, as well as lack of organization of education in the native Tatar language. The listed problems have constantly been raised by the republican authorities.
sociological survey, Bashkortostan, mass media, ethnic and cultural needs, education, Tatar language, native language, Tatars, linguistic development, social networks
Etnokul'turnyy i etnosotsial'nyy portret naseleniya Bashchkortostana v XX – nachale XXI v. Etnostatisticheskiy sbornik / pod red. Safina F.G.; avt.-sost. Safin F.G., Fatkhutdinova A.I., Khusainova D.R. Ufa: IP Galiullin D.A., 2014.
Etnosotsiologicheskiy opros po issledovatel'skomu proektu «Sovremennye etnicheskie protsessy v Bashkortostane: etnichnost', identichnost' i tolerantnost'», provedennyy v yanvare 2014g. Avtory proekta — F.G. Safin, A.I. Khaliulina. Rukovoditel' issledovaniya — A.I. Khaliulina. Vyborka issledovaniya sostavila 1000 chel., v tom chisle 361 russkikh, 295 bashkir, 254 tatar i 90 chel. dr. natsional'nostey. Opros naseleniya provodilsya v 11 gorodakh, v tom chisle: v gg. Beloretsk, Birsk, Davlekanovo, Dyurtyuli, Kumertau, Neftekamsk, Sterlitamak, Oktyabr'skiy, Tuymazy, Ufa, Uchaly, a takzhe v sel'skikh rayonakh: Baltachevskom, Al'sheevskom, Miyakinskom, Krasnokamskom, Sterlibashevskom, Kuyurgazinskom, Dyurtyulinskom, Khaybullinskom, Tuymazinskom, Uchalinskom i Ufimskom.
Chernykh A.V., pri uchastii Kamenskikh M.S. i Vayman D.I. (2016)