State and civil society
Safonov A.L., Orlov A.D. —
Post-national State and the End of Progress Era
// Sociodynamics. – 2017. – ¹ 2.
– P. 75 - 90.
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Review: The article is devoted to the relationship between social progress and productive forces development in the formation of global social and economic environment and the development of global resources and demography (systemic) crisis.Till the end of the 20th century, while the growth of available resourceful base of Humanity was ahead of the material production growth, the concept of irreversibility and the immensity of the technological and social progress adequately reflected the characteristics of the historical development of Mankind of the Modern Era and Contemporary HistoryHowever, by the end of the 20th century the progress, usually understood as the process of total universal gradual development, in which production growth significantly outpaced the population growth rate, has exhausted itselfIn the era of globalization world economy reached the limits of quantitative growth. In this situation increasing costs of the further social progress, as the main human potential growth factor, stopped being paid off by the economic growth, and social progress became possible only due to the resources redistribution in favor of transnational corporations and other non-state actors which form the basis of the global economy. But the redistribution of resources in the conditions of crisis growth means the separation of resources from previous social forms. Having exhausted itself in the role of the source and the necessary condition of social progress, scientific and technical progress turned into its opposite, having become a prerequisite for mass desocialization, pulling out a person from the former system of social relations.For the first time since the beginning of the Enlightenment, the economic and social regress has become full, if not a dominant component of the world development, an attribute of the globalization era. The global development vector change from the progress to the redistribution of limited resources in conditions of narrowed reproduction leads necessarily to change of the functions and forms of the modern state.Resource base of global non-state institutions and structures expansion becomes the dismantling of basic social institutions and functions of the state of the industrial era, primarily the spheres of human potential reproduction, that is, education, health, social protection. Accordingly, new forms of post-industrial or "post-national", a (postmodern) state appear, one of the main functions of which is the resources reallocation from the national economic and social institutions to the global ones. It is demonstrative that in the new, "post-industrial" and "post-national" forms state collapse in social institutions associated with the state and the nation as a social community of its citizens, while non-state institutions, first of all, ethnic and religious community, actualize, invading the spheres of social life, which were previously part of the state monopoly.The transformation of the nation-state in the modern type of "post-national" and even "anti-national" state, has gone so far that it is possible to speak of a new historical type of state, with different priorities, goals and values that are destroying the national economy and the structure of social protection and social reproduction of the population, ensure the establishment and development of alternative ways of organizing global social space, often related to economic and social regression, a significant strata of the population.
Keywords: global development, non-state institutions, social institutions, desocialization, national state, postnational state, social regress, social progress, globalization, modern state
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