Land Management, Cadaster, and Land Monitoring
Kuzina N.V., Bushina L.M., Vigilyanskaya A.O., Tovanchev I.V., Lapushkina A.A., Kuzina L.B., Orlova —
From the Long-Term Experience of the Stationary Shebantsevo ¹ 5 to the Long-Term Experience of the Stationary Shebantsevo Modified ¹ 5: Changes in Agrochemical Properties of the Soil and Product Quality
– 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 1 - 76.
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2017.4.26510 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26510
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The history and changes in some agrochemical properties of the soil as well as the product quality and yield indicators in the transition from the experience of "Stationary Shebantsevo ¹ 5" to the modified experience of "Stationary Shebantsevo Modified ¹ 5" are considered. Sampling was carried out for soil - in 1992, 2004, 2011, 2014, 2016, and 2017, for plant products - in 2013, 2016, and 2017. To realize the purpose of the study, it was necessary to study the interrelationships between the agrochemical properties of the soil, the indices of product quality and yield, and also the content of certain microemoietic substances in raw materials. Instrumental laboratory ((infrared spectrometry, atomic-absorption photometry, flame spectrophotometry) and statistical analysis methods (Statistica 13.3) were used. The analysis of archival soil samples and plant raw materials provided by the Department of Long-Term Experiments of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Chemistry was carried out. In the process of studying the aftereffect of high doses of the organo-mineral fertilizer system and after the renewal of a long field experiment (with continuing and teachings aftereffect and the resumption of mineral fertilizers) allowed to outline the dynamics of changes of soil agrochemical indicators and the dynamics of change of indicators of quality of production and productivity ("Stationary Shebantsevo Modified, No. 5").
crop rotation, statistics, wheat classes, microelements, product quality, soil cultivation, correlation analysis, aftereffect of fertilizers, long field experience, laboratory methods of analysis
Khitrov N.B. Pochvy dlitel'nogo polevogo opyta TSKhA// Izvestiya Timiryazevskoy sel'skokhozyaystvennoy akademii. 2012. ¹ 3. S. 62-78.
Khaydukov K.P., Shevtsova L.K., Kuz'menko N.N. Izmenenie gumusovogo sostoyaniya dernovo-podzolistoy legkosuglinistoy pochvy pri dlitel'nom primenenii razlichnykh sistem udobreniya// Problemy agrokhimii i ekologii.-2016, ¹ 3. – S. 22 – 25.
Khaydukov K.P., Shevtsova L.K., Kovalenko A.A., Milyutina A.A. Vliyanie dlitel'nogo primeneniya i posledeystviya razlichnykh sistem udobreniya na kislotnost', soderzhanie i kachestvennyy sostav organicheskogo veshchestva pochvy// Plodorodie. – 2014, ¹ 1. – S. 30 – 33. [Elektronnyy resurs] URL: http://www.plodorodie-j.ru/journal/2014/nomer-99test/2014-1-30-33.html
Khaydukov K.P. Shevtsova L.K., Kuz'menko N.N. Vliyanie dlitel'nogo primeneniya razlichnykh sistem udobreniya na soderzhanie podvizhnykh gumusovykh veshchestv v dernovo-podzolistoy legkosuglinistoy pochve// Plodorodie. – 2012, ¹ 3 (66).-S.11-13.
Khaydukov K.P. Vliyanie dlitel'nogo primeneniya udobreniy i sredstv zashchity raste
History of agriculture
Pyltcina M. —
Agricultural Institutions in the Countries of Western Europe in the XIX Century: Dialogue between the State and Society
– 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 77 - 82.
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2017.4.26703 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26703
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The subject of the study is the formation and further development in Western European countries of central agrarian departments and amateur social organizations of the agrarian type, their interaction in resolving national agricultural problems. The author notes that the aggravated problems in the agrarian sector of the economy in the XIX century necessitated the establishment of a constructive dialogue between the authorities and civil society. Subjects of agrarian activity are considered in the example of Prussia, Austria and France, and their organizational and legal status is described.In the course of the research, historical and comparative methods were used, which allowed an analysis of the current agricultural management system in Western European countries.It is emphasized that the modernization of the agrarian sphere in the countries under consideration has contributed to strengthening the institutions of civil society. It is concluded that the Russian government has widely borrowed the agricultural experience of the countries of Western Europe in carrying out a national agrarian policy, oriented to cooperation and coherence of actions of state and public agricultural institutions.
Ministry of Agriculture, Russia, history, France, Austria, Germany, agriculture, agricultural societies, public initiative, agrarian policy
Veshnyakov V. I. Obzor sel'skokhozyaystvennykh uchrezhdeniy v Anglii, Frantsii, Bel'gii, Gollandii, Germanii i Italii / V. I. Veshnyakov. – Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. M-va gos. imushchestv, 1866. – 954 s.
Kozyuk V. V. Istoriya ekonomiki i ekonomicheskoy mysli: XX – nachalo XXI v. / V. V. Kozyuk. – M., 2011. – 394 s.
Plaksin V. N. Mesto i rol' vlastnykh gosudarstvennykh sel'skokhozyaystvennykh struktur v obshchem protsesse agrarnogo reformirovaniya rossiyskogo sela / V. N. Plaksin, E. A. Sivolapova // Gosudarstvennaya vlast' i krest'yanstvo v XX – nachale XXI veka: mezhd. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Kolomna: Izd-vo Kolomenskogo gos. ped. instituta, 2008. – S. 5-10.
Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. Sobranie 2-e. T. XII – SPb.: Tip. II Otd-niya Sobstven. Ego Imper. Velichestva kantselyarii, 1839. – 783 s.
Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii. Sobranie 2-e. T. XVI – SPb.: Tip. II Otd-niya Sobstven. Ego Imper. Velichestva kantselyarii, 1842. – 925 s.
Ponomarev N. V. Istoricheskiy obzor pravitel'stvennykh meropriyatiy k razvitiyu sel'skog
Economy of agriculture
Koptelova T.I. —
The Organic Methodology of Sustainable Development of Rural Territories (Based on the Example of the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy)
– 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 83 - 94.
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2017.4.26011 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26011
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This research article is devoted to sustainable development of rural territories based on the example of the Nizhny Novgorod state agricultural academy with application of organic methodology. The possibilities of agrarian higher education institutions which are capable to offer the integrated approach which is harmoniously combining the theory and practice, synthesis of natural-science and humanitarian knowledge in the solution of problems of sustainable development of rural territories are considered. Experience of the Nizhny Novgorod state agricultural academy in implementation of the latest projects directed to preservation of the population of rural territories and involvement of youth in agrarian and industrial complex of Russia is analyzed. The question of preservation and development of complex knowledge of the organization of agricultural activity in the local territory is considered. In this connection formation of "traditional and innovative" model of agriculture of future Russia combining the latest technologies with centuries-old traditions of the organization of economic life of rural territories is offered. To analyze the sustainable development of rural territories, the author uses the methods from organic philosophy as well as typlogical and comparative analysis, synthesis and historico-philosophical reconstruction. The method of historico-philosophical reconstruction allows to view sustainable development from the point of view of the background of problem and various interpretations of it. The comparative analysis allows to compare different intellectual traditions and philosophical paradigms used in the analysis of sustainable development of rural territories (transnational and ethnic economic models). The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author applies the organic philosophy methodology to ensuring sustainble development of Russia's rurl territories (based on the example of the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy). The organic philosophy paradigm brings forth the need in creative adaptation for robust econmic activity. Creativity brings spontaneity and plasticity into economy that contributes to sustainble development of all spheres of social life. Sustainable development of rural territories is an integral phenomenon which interpretation requires a complex approach that would take into account the singularity of ethnic economic models.
agriculture, Organic Methodology, society, science, culture, higher agrarian education, sustainable development, ecology, economy, ethnos
Sel'skoe khozyaystvo Nizhegorodskoy oblasti po itogam 2017 goda. URL: https://agrovesti.net/lib/regionals/region-52/selskoe-khozyajstvo-nizhegorodskoj-oblasti-po-itogam-2017-goda.html
Titova V.I. Voprosy okhrany pochv i zemel' sel'khoznaznacheniya v normativno-zakonodatel'nykh aktakh Rossiyskoy Federatsii // Agrokhimikaty v XXI veke: teoriya i praktika primeneniya. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii.-N. Novgorod: Nizhegorodskaya GSKhA, 2017. S. 280-283.
Gus'kova M.F., Gus'kov A.Yu., Sterlikov P.F., Sterlikov F.F. Tsifrovat' ekonomiku ili informatizirovat' vse oblasti zhizni // Ekonomicheskie nauki. 2017. ¹ 7. S. 15-18.
Ofitsial'nyy sayt NGSKhA. URL: https://nnsaa.ru/
Koptelova T.I. Organicheskaya paradigma razvitiya vysshego agrarnogo obrazovaniya v Rossii na primere FGBOU VO «Nizhegorodskoy GSKhA» // Sel'skoe khozyaystvo. 2017. ¹ 1. S.34-47.
Dabakhova E.V., Dabakhov M.V., Titova V.I. Metodologicheskie podkhody k otsenke resursnogo potentsiala sel'skikh territoriy // Dostizheniya nauki i tekhniki APK. 2013. ¹ 10.
Syromyatnikov Y.N. —
Ways to Reduce the Specific Pressure of Wheeled Thrusters on the Soil
– 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 95 - 103.
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2017.4.26797 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26797
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The subject of the study is the ways to increase the efficiency of transport vehicle and traction vehicle with dual wheels in different modes of operation (transport, working, traction). The object of the study is the system of twin wheels with the ability to adjust the area of contact with the soil for operation in different operating modes. The state of the soil in the process of its re-consolidation by the running part of mobile agricultural machinery clearly indicates a close correlation between the change in the mechanical, technological, biological, chemical, morphological properties and economic indicators of the soil state, and, consequently, the level of environmental safety of used mobile agricultural machinery, including the composition of soil cultivating units. The research methodology is based on analysis and synthesis, generalization of practical experience, graphic representation of the information received. The urgency of the study is determined by the need to ensure environmental safety, soil conservation, increase the fertility of agricultural land in the modern world. The scientific novelty is that the use of dual wheel systems with the ability to adjust the contact area with the soil for operation in different operating modes will make it possible to abandon the use of expensive caterpillar thrusters.
exploitation, efficiency, decline, mode, thruster, compaction, tires, doubling, pressure, the soil
Patent Ukra¿ni na korisnu model' UA 88865 U (12) UA 88865 U UA 88865 U 5 10 15 20 25 30 . Spos³b regulyuvannya tisku pov³trya v shinakh koles transportnogo zasobu z³ zdvoºnimi bazovimi kolesami / V.F. Pashchenko, Yu.M. Siromyatnikov, .... – ¹ u 2013 09111; zayavl. 19.07.2013; opubl. 10.04.2014. – Byul. ¹ 7/2014
Vliyanie vnutrennego davleniya koles traktora na urozhay pshenitsy || Tr. Volgogradskogo instituta, 1963, vyp. 48, s. 385-389.
Medvedev V. V., Tsybul'ko V. G., Slobodyuk P. I. Normirovanie dopus¬ timykh nagruzok khodovykh sistem MTA na pochvu // Tr. «Vozdeystvie dvizhiteley na pochvu». M.: VIM. 1988. T. 118. S. 57—67.
Triz-profi: Effektivnye resheniya v sel'skom khozyaystve. M. Kushnir, 2006 ¹2 s.80
Esheev S. B., Kalashnikov S.F. Vliyanie khodovykh sistem traktorov n a plodorodie kashtanovykh pochv Buryatii // Tr. «Vozdeystvie dvizhiteley na pochvu». M.: VIM, 1988. T. 118. S. 126—131.
Revut I.B. Fizika pochv.-L.: Kolos, 1972, - 368 s.
Puponin A. I., Matyuk N. S. Depressii pochvy pri uplotnenii i metody ee ustraneniya//3emledeli
Development of Farmers’ Market
Morkovkin D.E. —
Development of the Mechanism of Grain Market Regulation as a Direction of the State Agro-Industrial Policy of the Russian Federation
– 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 104 - 110.
DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2017.4.26906 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26906
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In modern conditions of global geopolitical instability and economic sanctions, the mechanism of state procurement and commodity interventions in Russia is not an effective tool for regulating the grain market. The subject of the research is the state policy in the field of development of agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation in order to develop proposals for improving the mechanisms of regulation of the grain market. The object of the study is the direction and mechanisms of agricultural policy of modern Russia.The study focuses on the analysis of the main shortcomings of the current mechanism of regulation of the Russian grain market, and offers a completely new alternative models to maintain the profitability of agricultural producers.The paper uses theoretical and empirical methods, in particular: literature review, logical, statistical and expert assessments, methods of empirical data collection, system analysis, description and processing of research results.The main results of the study are the following provisions. The author proposes the use of alternative models to maintain the level of income of agricultural producers in order to reduce the costs of the Federal budget and improve the efficiency of this mechanism, within the framework of which an effective institution can be created that regulates the grain market on the principles of public-private partnership – grain commodity-credit corporation. Performing such functions as warehouse receipt and purchase of grain, commodity-credit corporation will receive benefits from the state. At the same time, elimination of the excess of grain in the Russian Federation constituents (the grain that is left after the other part of the grain has been exported) by granting subsidy for transportation rates and thus raising competitive ability of aforesaid product will stabilize prices for grain on the internal market and create the basis for extending the grain export.
state agro-industrial policy, commodity-credit corporation, the real sector of the economy, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, grain market, state interventions, state regulation of the economy, public-private partnership, state support of agricultural producers
Ofitsial'nyy sayt Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Elektronnyy resurs: https://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/55792 (data obrashcheniya 12.10.2017)].
Ofitsial'nyy sayt Minsel'khoza Rossii [Elektronnyy resurs: https://www.mcx.ru (data obrashcheniya 12.10.2017)].
Uzun V. Ya. Otsenka effektivnosti zakupochnykh i tovarnykh interventsiy na rynke zerna v Rossii / Ekonomika sel'skokhozyaystvennykh i pererabatyvayushchikh predpriyatiy . – 2016.-¹10.-S. 7-17.
Volkov L. N. Gosudarstvennye interventsii kak forma marketingovogo regulirovaniya rynka zerna // Ekonomika sel'skogo khozyaystva Rossii. 2014. ¹ 6. S. 12-18.
Ofitsial'nyy sayt SMI Gazeta. RU [Elektronnyy resurs: https://www.gazeta.ru/business/2016/08/19/10142255.shtml (data obrashcheniya 12.10.2017)].
Baryshnikov N.G., Samygin D.Yu., Divnenko Z.A. Poisk novoy modeli strategicheskogo razvitiya agroprodovol'stvennogo sektora // Sel'skoe khozyaystvo. 2016. ¹ 1. S. 19-26. URL: http://e-notabene.ru/sh/article_19537.html DOI: 10.7256/2453-8809.2016.1.19537
Vertakova Yu.V., Plotnikov V.A