Audiovisual culture and art
Lugovtsev A.Yu. —
The Ñoncept of Object Design in the Screen Arts
// Culture and Art. – 2017. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 16.
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Review: The article reveals the scope of the concept of object design in the screen arts and the specific applicability of the term "design object " in the theory of screen arts through the comparison, interconnection and mutual influence of the concepts "artifact", "simulacrum", "design object", "transmedia", "special effect" and "virtual reality". The influence of object design on the structural-semiotic, dramatic and entertaining aspect of the screen artwork is emphasized. A brief review of the application of object design in screen products is given.The technological aspects of production of design objects, and psycho-physiological aspects of their perception including sound accompaniment are considered. Also, the transmedia essense of object design is the cross-cutting theme of the article.In addition to the systemic and comparative-historical method, the methods of formal and contextual analysis, the structural method, abstract logical reasoning were used in the study. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author identifies the significance of design objects as discrete units of visual content of any screen artwork and to substantiate the hypothesis of a multifaceted independent role of design objects in the text of a screen work: semiotic, spectacular, ideological and dramatic. In conclusion, the author proposes to consider object design as a separate trend in the theory of screen arts, exploring the artistic-spatial and ideological-aesthetic content of the real, pseudo-real, and virtual environment of screen products.
Keywords: special effect, Simulacrum, screen artwork, virtual reality, artistic and spatial environment, cinema and animation, screen arts, visual screen content, object design, design object
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Philosophy of culture
Rozhkova N.V. —
Literary Creation of Hermann Hesse in the Dialogue between Orient and West
// Culture and Art. – 2017. – ¹ 3.
– P. 17 - 30.
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Review: The subject of this research is the role of Herman Hesse's philosophy and literature in the dialogue between Oriental and Western cultures. The interaction of these two cultures in the XIX century received a new impulse as a mutual interest of the intellectual elites. The author of the article studies Oriental philosophy and arts by Schopenhauer, Schlegel brothers, Goethe, Novalis, J.G. Herder, G.W.F. Hegel, as well as many other outstanding representatives of Western culture coincided with the approaching of its ideological crisis. The present research has three objectives: to define the status of Eastern philosophy in Hermann Hesse's worldview, to describe types of Eastern culture elements in his creative work and to determine the role of Hermann Hesse's writings in the dialogue between Oriental and Western cultures. The research methodology involves analysis of Hermann Hesse's texts, determination of his key ideas and philosophical motifs typical for Eastern culture and the role of Eastern culture in the writer's worldview development. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines the level of penetration of Oriental culture and traditions into the creative ideas of the German writer and establishes the degree of influence of these ideas on his outlook. In particular, the influence of the Orient is represented by plot, factual, ideological, thematic and philosophical elements in his writings. Noteworthy that the writer's worldview kept the main value orientations typical for Western culture. Hermann Hesse's writings are especially interesting to be studied at our age of globalization because they prove the unity of spirits important for all humanity.
Keywords: religious ideas, West, Orient, creation, worldview, philosophical ideas, dialogue of cultures, Hermann Hesse, art, literature
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