Music and music culture
Zvezdakova N.N. —
Panitsky’s Poetic Bayan (on the 110th Anniversary of Ivan Panitsky’s Birth)
// Culture and Art. – 2017. – ¹ 9.
– P. 111 - 124.
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Review: The essay is dedicated to the famous bayan player, teacher and composer, Honored Artist of the RSFSR Ivan Yakovlevich Panitsky, whose 110th anniversary is celebrated in 2017. The author acquaints readers with musical events dedicated to the outstanding performer, initiated by the Department of Folk Instruments of the Saratov State Conservatory named after L.V. Sobinov. It was Panitsky, a blind natural genius, musician from the Volga village of Balakovo, who was to open the way for the Russian bayan to the academic stage, to substantially enrich the concert repertoire of professional bayan players. His adaptation and variations on the themes of Russian folk songs, settings of works of musical classics for bayan, as well as original compositions form the artistic layer of the national culture. Panitsky's fate is described in the context of his spiritual connection with his birthplace, which determined the main direction of the musician's creativity - the sphere of instrumental lyrics. Attention is drawn to Ivan Panitsky’s outstanding role in the birth of professional bayan training in Saratov. In this essay, the historical method, on the basis of which the biography of the musician is studied, as well as the method of musicological analysis of the work are used. As an example of Panitsky's bayan lyric, the play of Waltz "Reminiscence" is analyzed. The author describes the characteristic ways of working with musical material, revealing the main lyrical idea of the work: improvisation, polyphonic texture, variation, variety of timbre paints of bayan. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author summarizes data concerning the role of the lyrical theme in the works of Ivan Panitsky.
Keywords: national instrumental art, waltz, Saratov State Conservatory, Saratov, traditions, Panitski bayannya lyrics, Volga, anniversary, bayan virtuoso, Panitski
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