Culture and authority
Amgalanova M.V. —
Buryat Socialist Culture in Terms of Ideological and Political Messages of the Late 1920's - Early 1930's
// Culture and Art. – 2018. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 7.
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Review: The article is devoted to the place and role of ideology in the national and cultural construction of the late 1920's - early 1930's. The subject of the research is the views and opinions as well as social, political and cultural activity of the Buryat intelligentsia that was understood as counter-revolutionary and was conceptualized with such ideologemes as 'borgeous nationalism' or 'pan-mongolism'. As an example, the author of the article analyzes newspaper articles that had a prescriptive nature and required 'self-criticism' from cultural activists. The methodological basis of the research implies the historical-cultural approach, the main methods are historical-cultural, retrospective and narrative. The results of the research demonstrate that when the Buryat culture, national by form and socialist by content, was being formed, it implied those elements of the cultural heritage that were officially understood as 'feudal religious carry-overs' of the exploitative class. Consequently, those who transmitted or translated such ideas, were withdrawn from the socio-cultural space. Pre-revolution Buryat intelligentsia was viewed by the ruling power as an oppositional social group. That had a tragic effect on its status.
Keywords: counterrevolutionary activity, panmongolism, ideology, Buryat intelligentsia, national culture, socialism, socialist culture, bourgeois nationalism, self-criticism, repression
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