Kuvatova V.Z. —
Semantic and Compositional Interconnections Between Compositions Depicted on the Western Wall of the Early Christian Mausoleum 'Exodus Chapel'
// Culture and Art.
– 2018. – ¹ 4.
– P. 17 - 32.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0625.2018.4.26030 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=26030
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The object of this research is the iconographic composition of the dome of an early Christian mausoleum that is often referred to as the Exodus Chapel (Bagawat necropolis, Kharga, Egypt). The subject of the research is the compositional and semantic interactions between three compositions depicted on the western wall of the mausoleum. The author of the article examines such aspects of the topic as the mutual location, iconography and semiotic relations between these compositions. She pays special attention to the origin of iconographic types, sequence of how those compositions were created, their interpretation and the place they take in a range of Egyptian and Eastern Mediterranean memorials of those times. Particular features of the research matter predetermined the author's choice of methods, in particular, the author applied the iconographic approach and methods of historical contextualisation and semiotic analysis as the main research methods. The main conclusion of the research is the author's proved hypothesis that initially the orant entered the Sacrifice of Abraham scene and it was Isaac. Later, as a result of compositions being drawn in a limited space and united according to the gender and virginity features, the orant figure was depicted in a new composition that was most likely to be devoted to the deceased. The author's special contribution to the topic is her analysis of the influence of the mainstream and local artistic traditions on early Christian funeral art of the Kharga Oasis. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines probable stages of creation of that group of compositions and clarifies precedent hypotheses about their semantics. The author also evaluates the role of the memorial in the history of the Coptic Art development.
Mausoleum, Al Bagawat, Coptic Art, Orant, Saint Thekla, Sacrifice of Abraham, Early Christian Art, composition, group of compositions, iconographic types
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