Issues of war and peace
D'yakonova P.G. —
The Negotiations on Supplying Italian Aircraft Technology to the USSR in 1939-1941 (Based on the Material from the Central State Archive in Rome)
// History magazine - researches.
– 2018. – ¹ 2.
– P. 115 - 123.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0609.2018.2.25550 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25550
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The research subject of this study is the negotiations on supplying Italian aircrafts and aircraft material to the USSR in the period from 1939 to May 1941. The aim of this work is to study the little-known in Russia aspects of the Soviet Union's relations with Italy in the field of aviation. Much attention in the article is paid to the analysis of Italian archival sources. An attempt is made to show the importance of further examining this topic in light of the current development of cooperation between Russia and Italy in the sphere of culture and economy. The methodological base of this study is grounded on the principles of historicism, objectivity, and systematics. Particular attention is paid to the application of the interdisciplinary approach to the study of Soviet-Italian relations in the field of aviation. For this purpose, this work utilized the historical-genetic and comparative-historical methods, which make it possible to reveal the general and particular aspects in the patterns of the development of Soviet-Italian relations in the field of aviation in the period under study. This work presents an important scientific novelty, due primarily to the source base used. The author draws new archival documents in Italian from the Central State Archives of Rome (Italy), which have not been previously studied by researchers from Russia. The author draws the conclusion that, contrary to popular opinion, during the period under study, neither the ideological antagonism nor even the Second World War that began in Europe became an obstacle to the negotiations on supplying aircrafts and aircraft equipment to the USSR, and transport of raw materials to Italy from the USSR, because, in all likelihood, Italy's economic cooperation with the Soviet Union did not directly depend on the latter's relations with Germany.
Boris Efimovich Stein, Galeazzo Ciano, Italo Balbo, Benito Mussolini, Italian planes, aviation history, Italy, USSR, the State Archives of Rome, Soviet-Italian relations
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