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Zavalishina, D. N. Principle of Subject in Researches of Professional Activity

Published in journal "Psychology and Psychotechnics", 2012-4 in rubric "Keys to creativity", pages 61-71.

Resume: As a part of methodological researches of the principle of subject, the author of the article analyzes the contents of the category ‘subject’ that is used in applied psychology and related to professional activity and personal development in the sphere of profession. It is shown that common definitions of the term ‘subject’ do not go beyond the postulate ‘major specialty’ ad ‘person-and-profession’ system. However, the author defines a new feature of a subject who has reached a high level of professional skills, enters another system — ‘the person and the world’ — and addresses to the category ‘ontological subject’. Only such analysis allows to reveal the entire range of relations with the world that is being realized by a highly skilled specialist in his professional activity.

Keywords: psychology, labor subject, professional activity, professional development, major, person-and-profession system, high level of professional skills, ontological subject, person-and-world system.

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