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V.V. Kochetkov Philosophy of the Russian Constitution: Russian Values and Democracy

Published in journal "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences", 2013-2 in rubric "Law", pages 19-31.

Resume: This article discusses, for the first time in domestic scientific literature, the axiology of the Russian constitution in its connection to the Russian sense of justice. The author demonstrates that constitutionalism, as a public law ethic, streamlines the fundamental Russian values (such as the volya and pravda) so that these axial values of national justice become axiological bases of the constitutional model of private and public autonomy. On this basis, the article analyzes the causes of failure in the construction of the concepts of national identity in the form of the “Russian idea” in the past, and modern “political” interpretations of the Russian Constitution of 1993. The author does not agree with those who believe that its ideals are contrary to the national sense of justice and that it necessarily entails the issue of changing it. On the contrary, the contradictory constitutional practice of law enforcement has less to do with the inconsistent protection of the constitutional system, fixed in Chapters 1 and 2 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and in the subsequent chapters of the text of the Basic Law, than it does with the ethos of the modern power elite and the peculiarities of its sense of justice, which, according to the author, are a major obstacle to the realization of ideals of the 1993 Russian Constitution.

Keywords: philosophy, constitutionalism, the Russian constitution, volya, freedom, pravda, justice, elite, democracy, patriotism

DOI: 10.7256/1339-3057.2013.2.10376

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