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Fedorchenko, A.A. Compensation of harm to the victims in the international criminal tribunals

Published in journal "Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i mezhdunarodnye organizacii / International Law and International Organizations", 2014-2 in rubric "International courts", pages 274-286.

Resume: The article concerns the issues of compensation of harm to the victims of international crime by international criminal tribunals (by the International Criminal Court and the ad hoc criminal tribunals. The author also evaluates activities and functions of the Trust Fund of the International Criminal Court in the interests of victims of crimes within the scope of jurisdiction of the ICC. The author states that there is basically universal agreement regarding the fact that the victims of grave international crime have a right for the compensation of harm. However, the attitudes of the ICC and the ad hoc criminal tribunals to the compensation issues differs. The currently active international criminal tribunals ad hoc do not make resolution on compensation to the victims. The tribunals cannot provide compensation for the victims and do not provide proprietary restitution. The International Criminal Court is capable of provision of compensation to the victims, so it does have a somewhat civil law approach to compensation. The court may decide on the compensation issues, and the victims have a right to take part in the process in respect of compensation issues.

Keywords: international law, criminal law, international criminal court, international criminal tribunals, the Trust Fund, harm, victim, compensation, retribution, reparation.

DOI: 10.7256/2226-6305.2014.2.11699

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