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Published in journal "Psychology and Psychotechnics", 2014-8 in rubric "Keys to creativity", pages 880-889.
Resume: The author of the article reveal the role of imagination in the genesis and functioning of art. The author notes that if people had no mind, they would never create science or philosophy. But if a man had no imagination, human achievements would have never included art. In philosophy and esthetics imagination means an ability of a human mind to create new sensual or mental images and ideas based on the impressions of the reality and the past. It also means one’s ability to recall and combine images of items and events. Psychology views imagination as the part of creative process. Imagination has not always been viewed by philosophers as a good gift. For example, Plato believed that imagination could not create the true image of beauty. Quite on the contrary, imagination distracts our mind from understanding true eidos and creates a temptation to yield to passions. The author of the article uses the comparative and historical research methods that are based on the detailed conceptual analysis of different approaches to imagination. The author also applies the definitions of esthetics allowing to describe imagination as a very important mean of esthetical experience and esthetical practice. The novelty of the article is in a special interpretation of the gift of imagination. There was a positive point of view on imagination in ancient philosophy as well. It was typical mostly for poetics and rhetoric and interpreted imagination as a source of sublime powers. On the decline of the ancient times there were attempts to overcome the imitative form of art by the means of imagination. In his ‘Life of Apollonius’ Philostratus talked about imitation as a more primitive ability compared to fantasy because imitation can reproduce only what has been seen while fantasy can create what has never existed.
Keywords: imagination, art, mind, philosophy, esthetics, fantasy, tradition, affect, intentionality, consciousness.
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