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Fedorchenko A.A. General international law on reparations for victims of crimes in international criminal law

Published in journal "Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i mezhdunarodnye organizacii / International Law and International Organizations", 2014-4 in rubric "International courts", pages 571-580.

Resume: This article examines the various aspects and norms of international law on reparation of the victims who suffered losses from the crimes in international criminal law. The following questions are addressed: forms of reparations (restitution and compensation); content of the law on reparation in international law (who is obligated to provide reparations and which form of reparations has to be used); documents on the reparations of general international law. The article reviews court rulings of various international tribunals on the issues of reparations to the victims who suffered from the actions of a particular country. Both, the universal and European laws are examined (law of the Council of Europe and European Union). The author underlines that the most advanced norms regarding reparations are in the legal documents created within inter-American and European legislations on protection of human rights. Experience beyond these two systems demonstrates that victims of mass and major violations of human rights are not only left without any reparations, but this issue is not even being considered.

Keywords: International law, European law, fair compensation, reparation, restitution, damages, victim.

DOI: 10.7256/2226-6305.2014.4.11700

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