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Yamalova, E.N. Nationalism of Baltic States in Comparison

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2015-1 in rubric "The nationality issue", pages 24-29.

Resume: The research object is the nationalism in Baltic States. The research subject is specific features of Baltic nationalism as well as their determining factors. In her article Yamalova clarifies such features of national movements of the Baltic States as the peaceful methods of the struggle to achieve their goals and orientation at the capitalistic economic model which distinguishes their nationalism from African nationalism of the colonial system decay period. On the other hand, compared to European analogues, Baltic nationalism has a more radical separatism and stiffer language policy and rules for granting citizenship to migrants. The author examines historical, economic and ethnic factors and defines cause-effect relationships contributing to the aforesaid features of the national movements in Baltic States. The author uses the comparative method to study nationalism in Baltic countries. As a comparison, the author uses Catalonian nationalism which in many ways similar to Baltic nationalism. The main conclusions of the research are the provisions according to which Baltic nationalism has been defined by particular economic, social and ethic factors. The author also describes the cause-effect relationships between these factors. In particular, the external, opposed to the internal, industrialization has been caused by a more conflict influence of migration. The model of the Soviet industrialization created not only the split not only between cities and country-side but also between ethnic groups. Moreover, the higher level of the economic development of Baltic States has turned out to be an important conflict factor between regional authorities and the Union government. The above mentioned factors have played an important role in the development of specific features of Baltic nationalism which, compared to its European version, had more radical programs and targets regarding the Russian-speaking population and a higher level of separatism.

Keywords: nationalism, Baltic states, national movements, migration, ethnos, nations, modernization, politics, democracy, political regime.

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2015.1.14086

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