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Khusyainov T.M. History of the Development and Expansion of Distance Education

Published in journal "Pedagogy and education", 2014-4 in rubric "Developing pedagogical technologies", pages 30-41.

Resume: This article discusses the major milestones in the development and establishment of a system of distance education, from the 􀏔irst mention of “correspondent training” at the beginning of the XVIII century to the modern online education, implemented by means of the Internet. The subject of this research is the development of distance education. The author of the work as regards the creation of individual courses and entire higher education institutions that implement in their work the principle of distance learning for students. The paper deals with foreign and domestic experience in the implementation of distance education. The methods of this study were made by theoretical analysis of Russian and foreign scienti􀏔ic literature, as well as a comparative analysis of the basic aspects of the theory and methodology of distance education. This paper presents the main stages of the development of distance education in Russia and abroad. It was found out that the development of distance education in Russia, unlike other countries was based on a different principle and are less involved hardware and focused on education on the job: a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Keywords: distance education, distance learning, extramural, history of education, open university, distance learning courses, online (distance) education, informatization, correspondent training, education terminology.

DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2014.4.14288

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