Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2065,   Articles in work: 293 Declined articles: 786 
Library

Savvina O.V. Ethical problems of cloning humans and animals

Published in journal "Psychology and Psychotechnics", 2015-3 in rubric "The unpredictable", pages 304-312.

Resume: The article analyses two types of cloning: therapeutic and reproductive cloning. The author describes range of ethical problems using the latest scientific research in the field of cloning. The author considers the only one existed technology of cloning today, it is a somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Defining cloning from biological point of view is very important. It discards the myths about goals of the technology, its using and ethical problems posed by cloning. The author divides ethical problems of reproductive and therapeutic cloning, cloning of humans and animals. It is concluded in the article that therapeutic cloning of humans and therapeutic and reproductive cloning of animals do not cause new ethical problems but they exacerbate the existing ones. These problems are ethics of scientific publications, moral status of embryos, economic affordability of medical services, social differentiation, latent negative effects on ecology and peoples health and slippery slop effects. The reproductive cloning of human beings may generate new ethical problems. We can not say now if Mankind will be able to solve these problems, but it is not a reason to prohibit the reproductive cloning of human beings.

Keywords: ethics of scientific pulications, moral status of embryos, SCNT technology, therapeutic cloning, reproductive cloning, bioethics, ethics, ethics of scientific research, responsibility, ethical problems

DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2015.3.14456

This article can be downloaded freely in PDF format for reading. Download article

Bibliography:
Bernstain M. et al., Cloned human embryos coverage roundup. // The American Journal of Bioethics. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bioethics.net/2008/01/cloned-human-embryos-coverage-roundup/
Nickerson C. Scientists say they cloned human embryo. // The Boston Globe, January 18, 2008. [elektronnyy resurs]-URL: http://www.boston.com/news/science/articles/2008/01/18/scientists_say_they_cloned_human_embryo/?page=2
Cyranoski D. Whistle-blower breaks his silence. // Nature. Vol. 505, pp. 593-594. Published at 28 January 2014. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nature.com/news/whistle-blower-breaks-his-silence-1.14598
Hwang et al. Evidence of a Pluripotent Human Embryonic Stem Cell Line Derived from a Cloned Blastocyst. // Nature. Vol. 303 No (5664): pp. 1669-1674
Zuradski T. Moral uncertainty in bioethical argumentation: a new understanding of the pro-life view on early human embryos. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. December 2014, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 441-457.
Baker M. Stem cells made by cloning adult humans. / Nature. [elektronnyy resurs]-URL: http://www.nature.com/news/stem-cells-made-by-cloning-adult-humans-1.15107
Chung Y.G. et al. Human Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Using Adult Cells Cell Stem Cell Volume 14, Issue 6, pp. 777780, 5 June 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.stem.2014.03.015
Fovargue S. Xenotransplantation and Risk: Regulating a Developing Biotechnology. Cambridge University Press, 2011. pp. 14-16.
Evans MJ, Gurer C, Loike JD, Wilmut I, Schnieke AE, Schon EA. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA genotypes in nuclear transfer-derived cloned sheep. Nature Genetics 23 (1): 9093.
Gil'bert S. Biologiya razvitiya. Per. s angl. M.: Mir, 1993. T.3. S.613-620.
Watanabe S., Nagai T. Survival of embryos and calves derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer in cattle: a nationwide survey in Japan. Animal Science Journal (2011) 82, 360365. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2010.00846.x
Loike JD and Fischbach RL: Frontiers in Bioethics. New York: ST Press. 2013.
Pattinson S., Caulfield T. Variations and voids: the regulation of human cloning around the world. // BMC Medical Ethics.-2004, 5:9. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-5-9.
Steinbock B. The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press, 2007. Pp. 416-440.
Plekhanov G.V. Osnovnye voprosy marksizma. / Rezhim dostupa: http://leninism.su/works/68-tom-29/2037-g-v-plexanov-losnovnye-voprosy-marksizmar.html
Marks K. K kritike politicheskoy ekonomii. / Rezhim dostupa: http://esperanto.mv.ru/Marksismo/Krit/index.html
Marks K. Kapital T.1. / [elektronnyy resurs]Rezhim dostupa: http://www.esperanto.mv.ru/Marksismo/Kapital1/
Wilmut I., Schnieke, A.E., McWhir, J., Kind, A.J. & Campbell K.H.S. Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells. Nature 385, 810813 (27 Feb 1997).
Chapter V: Animal Health Risks. / A. Potential Hazards and Risks to Animals Involved in Cloning. // Ofitsial'nyy sayt U.S. Food and Drug Administration. [elektronnyy resurs]-URL: http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth/AnimalCloning/ucm124840.htm
Khorni K. Nashi vnutrennie konflikty. Konstruktivnaya teoriya nevroza. // Rezhim dostupa: http://www.psychol-ok.ru/lib/horney/nvk/nvk_04.html
Mohapatra S. Stateless Babies & Adoption Scams: A Bioethical Analysis of International Commercial Surrogacy. Berkeley Journal of International Law, Vol. 30, Iss. 2 [2012], Art. 4. Pp. 412-450.

Correct link to this article:
just copy this link to clipboard