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Denisov E.V. Topical problems and perspectives of automated information-retrieval systems use in investigation and search activities

Published in journal "The Union of Criminalists and Criminologists", 2014-3 in rubric "Moscow criminology office", pages 329-335.

Resume: The article studies the Russian and foreign experience of research and use of automated information-retrieval systems in investigation and search activities, aimed at the creation of psychological profiles of unidentified criminals who have committed grave and exceptionally grave crimes against personality. The author offers his own concept of the general architecture and functioning of these systems, provides the data about the efficiency of their work and the reasonability of their application in certain categories of cases. The paper presents a theoretical substantiation of the possibility to build a psychological profile of a criminal on the base of mathematical statistics and psychoanalysis. In the research the author applies general scientific methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison, the functional method and the systems approach. The author analyzes the mathematical and psychological methods of study of information about a crime. On the base of Russian and foreign sources the author analyzes the work algorithms of different automated information-retrieval systems, assesses the reliability of their data. The author studies the program architecture of the existing foreign bundled software and the analogous systems, created in Russia; the author offers a concept of functioning of a new Russian system, aimed at the creation of psychological profiles, revelation of the signs of serial crimes and recording of persons belonging to risk-groups. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of profiling grave and exceptionally grave crimes with the help of mathematical statistics and psychoanalysis. 

Keywords: profiling, geographical profile, modus operandi, automated information-retrieval system, criminalistic description of crime, informatization of investigation, database, analysis of versions, signs of serial crimes, criminal

DOI: 10.7256/2310-8681.2014.4.15556

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