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Miklina N.N., Tebueva Sh.N. Conditions for the “absolute good” in the modern political culture

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-1 in rubric "Axiology: values and relics", pages 82-96.

Resume: An ambiguous reaction upon the global changes taking place in the world encourages interest towards the moral elements of the political culture, which contain the “spirit” of one or another nation. For better understating of the foundations of the Russian political culture, which place a more significant role on the global arena, the notion of “absolute good” developed by the Russian religious philosophers becomes essential. Under the difficult current situation, it is important to determine the fundamental essences of this notion, which define the conditions and possibilities of their implementation within the modern politics. Russian religious philosophers attributed kindness with the absolute value which coincides with God, as well as with absolute values of beauty, truth, freedom, creation of a perfect society. The main condition for the absolute good – love for God, nature, people, Motherland. The lack of such love results in the “moral evil”, a relative value and a cause of human struggles, segregation, conflicts, and disasters. Strengthening of the intercultural relations and escalation of international conflicts, increases attention towards the notion of “tolerance” which contends for ethical universalism. However, criticism of this notion denies in absolute value. The meaning of “absolute good” in different countries leave many questions, but the leading Russian politicians claim as the foundation of their work, traditional perceptions of love, good and evil, higher powers that unite people and religions from all over the planet. This awakens hope for achieving order and agreement in the political, as well as other spheres of our life.

Keywords: absolute and relative, good and evil, Russian religious philosophers, Russia, modernity, political culture, love, tolerance, traditional values, world order

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.1.17292

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