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Bratanovskiy S.N., Zelenov M.F. Discretionary powers as a corruption factor within the system of executive authorities

Published in journal "Administrative and municipal law", 2016-4 in rubric "Management law", pages 311-315.

Resume: The research object covers social relations arising in the process of exercise of powers by executive authorities. The research subject is the range of legal norms defining the discretionary powers of the officials. The authors analyze the discretionary authorities in the process of executive decision-making as a possible corruption element of such decisions. Special attention is paid to the authorsĺ position on the essence of this legal category. The authors state that discretionary powers become a factor, provoking the improper behavior (including the cases of bribery) of an official, when its limits are not clearly defined, or the criteria of its application are absent. The research methodology comprises general scientific methods (dialectics, analysis synthesis), and special methods (technical, system-structural, and comparative-legal). They allow carrying out a comprehensive and complex analysis of the research subject, formulate theoretical generalizations, offer practical recommendations, and formulate the conclusions. The dialectical approach was largely applied for the analysis of the contradictory character of a managerial discretion. The authors conclude that the exercise of executive function, like any other governmental function, is not possible without a certain space for a free discretion (administrative discretion); the existence of discretionary powers presupposes the freedom of discretion of an official within the legal framework; in the authorsĺ opinion, discretionary powers should be considered as a specific form of law enforcement activity. It shouldnĺt be the matter of a radical elimination of law enforcement discretion, but the matter of development and legal consolidation of the criteria of a proper exercise of such powers.á

Keywords: corruption, discretionary powers, executive authority, discretion, exercise, organization, accretion of power, powers, argument, legislator

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2807.2016.4.16725

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