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Demetradze M.R. Specificity of the establishment and formation of intellectual capital. Succession of the created in Antiquity intellectual networks and laws of intellectual activity

Published in journal "Politics and Society", 2016-8 in rubric "History of political thought", pages 1163-1169.

Resume: This work examines the conception of intellectual capital in Antiquity, as well as determines the specificity of intellectual activity and succession of intellectual capital. The author explains when and under what conditions the intellectual capital became the capital of primary importance in the state, and which labor can be considered as intellectual capital. The most important is the sociocentric core of intellectual capital that does not allow deviation, because in this case it becomes biased, and its projects conjunctural, which inevitably leads to loss of the status and falling out of an individual from the intellectual networks. The author determines the criteria of mental labor: novelty of the idea, social importance and social value of the projects, interrelation between the mental labor and social problems or requests. The foundation and pivot of intellectual capital is the freedom of thought and actions, pluralism, intellectual rivalry, opposition of power, secularization, avant-gardism, reformations, constant search for the new, and experimentalism. The established intellectual capital represents the concept and theoretical ground of the order of social life, and is directly associated with the individual and their interests.

Keywords: Sophists, Roman law, sociocentrism, secularization, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, intellectual work, intellectual capital, sociocentrism, Pythagorean brotherhood

DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2016.8.19869

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