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Published in journal "The Union of Criminalists and Criminologists", 2015-3 in rubric "The young criminalists and criminologists", pages 351-360.
Resume: The author considers the problem of defining the concept of identity of the criminal in the sphere of the shadow economy in its correlation with the identity of the criminal, committing general crimes. The author analyzes the peculiarities, reasons and conditions of the formation of the identity of the criminal, acting within the shadow economy. The analysis of the problem of the identity of the criminal is not limited to the formulation of the central definition. Many criminologists have emphasized the necessity to consider the identity of the criminal more precisely. For example, the analysis of various sources shows that the profound study of the criminal identity in the shadow economy hasn’t been carried out so far. And it is necessary to fill this gap on the recent stage. The author applies the analytical, comparative and logical methods. Based on the experience of particular scholars, the author formulates his conclusions about the differences between the criminals, committing general crimes, and the criminals, committing crimes in the context of the shadow economy. The author presents different variants of identifying the criminal, acting in the context of the shadow economy. The author concludes that the identity of such a criminal is a multifaceted and heterogeneous phenomenon, depending on many objective and subjective factors. For the purpose of a more effective struggle against crimes in the shadow economy and their prevention, it is necessary to take the set of measures for the improvement of finance, tax and other branches of legislation, decrease of corruption in public authorities and increase of the level of social justice and the reduction of legal nihilism.
Keywords: Shadow economy, neglect, damage, crime statistics, crime prevention, crime, prevention, evasion, fictitious economy, prophylaxis
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