Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1926,   Articles in work: 287 Declined articles: 812 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Key issues in improvement of the flight security system in state aviation
Seregin Sergei Fedorovich

Deputy Director of the Flight Service, Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG

416501, Russia, Astrakhan Oblast, Akhtubinsk, Zhukovskogo Street 18

gniiivm-sk@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Kharitonov Vladimir Vasil'evich

PhD in Technical Science

Associate professor at the "Vzlet" branch of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), professor at the Academy of Military Sciences; Corresponding Member of the International Academy of Human Problems in Aviation and Astronautics

416501, Russia, Akhtubinsk, Microdistrict 1, building 1  

gniiivm-h@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The authors give a complex characteristic to the relevant problems in improvement of the flight security system in state aviation that is based on the joint examination of the aircrafts and human factor, considering the experience of operation of aircraft in all phases of the lifecycle with concentration on aircraft testing. Two components of ensuring safety – the aircraft and human factor were being examined separately, and then comprehensively, as interrelated, cooperating, and mutually substantiated components of the unified ergatic system “airplane – pilot”. The main conclusions of this research consist in concretization of the relevant issues of ensuring flight security in civil aviation: complexity of the modern airplane, especially in organization of the information field in the flight deck; average flying skills of the majority of the current military aviators; unfinished testing of the aviation complexes; and various types of aircrafts. Indeed, each question requires a separate and more detailed examination for the purpose of determining the causes and threats to flight security, as well as understanding of them and developing a state strategy on elimination of the of accidents in state aviation.  First and foremost, it should be clear that the corner stone of ensuring flight security is the human.

Keywords: aviation engineering psychology, aircraft testing , human factor, aviation psychology, training of flight crews, flight ergonomics, ensuring flight security, flight security, reliability of the flight crew, flight security system

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8906.2016.1.19459

Article was received:

20-06-2016


Review date:

14-06-2016


Publish date:

12-08-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Sovetskaya voennaya entsiklopediya. M., 1976. 638 s.
2.
Kozlov V.V. Nematerial'nye komponenty sistemy upravleniya bezopasnost'yu poletov // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2009. № 10. S. 5.
3.
Shcherbakov S.A., Kukushkin Yu.A., Soldatov S.K., Zinkin V.N., Bogomolov A.V. Psikhofiziologicheskie aspekty sovershenstvovaniya metodov izucheniya oshibochnykh deistvii letnogo sostava na osnove kontseptsii chelovecheskogo faktora // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2007. № 8. S. 10.
4.
Popov Yu.V. Problemy i otsenka bezopasnosti poletov // Bezopasnost' v tekhnosfere. 2014. T. 3. № 4. S. 28-33.
5.
Guzii A.G., Lushkin A.M., Chuiko A.A. Metod kontrolya urovnya bezopasnosti poletov aviakompanii s pomoshch'yu statisticheskikh kriteriev // Problemy bezopasnosti i chrezvychainykh situatsii. 2014. № 6. S. 97-104.
6.
Bondarenko A.G., Kharitonov V.V., Somov M.V. Ergonomicheskie problemy ekspluatatsii letatel'nykh apparatov, oborudovannykh «steklyannymi» kabinami» // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2014. № 5. S. 34-36.
7.
Dronov A.A. Logistiko-matematicheskii analiz informatsionnoi sredy aviatsionnoi sistemy // Polet. 2015. № 8-9. S. 70-74.
8.
Kharitonov V.V., Bondarenko A.G., Solovei Yu.N. Ergonomicheskie aspekty proektirovaniya i ekspluatatsii tekhnicheskikh sredstv obucheniya letnogo sostava // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2016. № 3. S. 3-20.
9.
Dvornikov M.V., Chernukha V.N., Matyushev T.V. Mediko-tekhnicheskie i ergonomicheskie problemy obespecheniya bezopasnosti aviatsionnykh poletov // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2014. № 6. S. 13-19.
10.
Bachkalo B.I., Irmaliev R.E. O novom podkhode k sozdaniyu sistemy upravleniya bezopasnost'yu poletov v gosudarstvennoi aviatsii Rossiiskoi Federatsii // Nauchnyi vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta grazhdanskoi aviatsii. 2015. № 218(8). S. 39-41.
11.
Dugin G.S. Primenenie sovremennykh informatsionnykh tekhnologii dlya resheniya problemy letnoi bezopasnosti // Vestnik transporta. 2014. № 2. S. 34-37.
12.
Nadreeva L.L. Ergonomika rabochego mesta ekipazha kak uslovie bezopasnosti poletov // Vestnik NTsBZhD. 2015. № 3 (25). S. 5-7.
13.
Novosel'skii A.V. Aviatsionnye proisshestviya: predotvrashchat' ili preduprezhdat' // Transport: nauka, tekhnika, upravlenie. 2014. № 10. S. 46-48.
14.
Ponomarenko V.A. Psikhologiya zhizni i truda letchika. M.: Voenizdat, 1992. 224 s.
15.
Ushakov I.B., Bogomolov A.V., Kukushkin Yu.A. Patterny funktsional'nykh sostoyanii operatora. M.: Nauka, 2010. 390 s.
16.
Fedorov M.V., Bogomolov A.V., Tsyganok G.V., Aivazyan S.A. Tekhnologiya proektirovaniya mnogofaktornykh eksperimental'nykh issledovanii i postroeniya empiricheskikh modelei kombinirovannykh vozdeistvii na operatorov ergaticheskikh sistem // Informatsionno-izmeritel'nye i upravlyayushchie sistemy. 2010. T. 8. № 5. S. 53-61.
17.
Pisarenko V.N. Nadezhnost' poleta // Vestnik Moskovskogo aviatsionnogo instituta. 2016. T. 23. № 1. S. 115-122.
18.
Lushkin A.M., Onufrienko A.V. Analiz podkhodov k vyboru pokazatelei bezopasnosti dlya sistemy upravleniya bezopasnost'yu poletov // Informatsionnye tekhnologii. Radioelektronika. Telekommunikatsii. 2015. № 5-2. S. 53-60.
19.
Brovkin P.E., Vlasov E.V., Arinicheva O.V. Vozmozhnye puti resheniya problemy snizheniya negativnogo vliyaniya chelovecheskogo faktora na bezopasnost' poletov // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta grazhdanskoi aviatsii. 2015. № 1(8). S. 14-26.
20.
Irmaliev R.E. Perspektivy razvitiya sistemy bezopasnosti poletov aviatsii Vooruzhennykh Sil Rossiiskoi Federatsii // Voennaya mysl'. 2015. № 8. S. 15-23.
21.
Bondarenko A.G., Kharitonov V.V., Koktashev M.A., Seregin S.F. Problemy ergonomicheskogo soprovozhdeniya razrabotki i vnedreniya «steklyannykh kabin» v sostav komponovki oborudovaniya letatel'nykh apparatov // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2015. № 6. S. 23-29.
22.
Ponomarenko V. A. Strana Aviatsiya: chernoe i beloe. M.: Nauka, 1995. 412 s.
23.
Vorona A.A., Ponomarenko A.V. Podgotovka letnogo sostava k deistviyam v osobykh sluchayakh s ispol'zovaniem komp'yuternykh tekhnologii // Mekhatronika, avtomatizatsiya, upravlenie. 2007. № 2. S. 20-24.
24.
Ponomarenko V.A. Teoreticheskie i eksperimental'nye dannye o profilaktike bezopasnosti poleta. 2014. 104 s.
25.
Medenkov A.A., Nesterovich T.B. Aktual'nye problemy aviatsionnoi meditsiny (po materialam zarubezhnykh issledovanii) // Aviakosmicheskaya i ekologicheskaya meditsina. 2016. T. 50. № 2. S. 5-13.
26.
Ponomarenko V.A. Nravstvennoe nebo. M.: Tip. MVD, 2010. 536 s.
27.
Kozlov V.V. Rassledovanie aviatsionnogo sobytiya: problemy i puti ikh resheniya // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2012. № 1. S. 27-35.
28.
Zemlyanoi A.F. Letchik i bezopasnost' poleta. Ivanovo, 2011. 555 s.
29.
Ponomarenko V.A. Bezopasnost' poleta – bol' aviatsii. M.: MPSI, Flinta, 2007. 416 s.
30.
Ponomarenko V. A. Na ch'ikh plechakh stoim? M.: IP RAN, KOGITO, 2012. 144 s.
31.
Soldatov S.K., Guzii A.G., Bogomolov A.V., Shishov A.A., Kukushkin Yu.A., Shcherbakov S.A., Kirii S.V. Apriornoe otsenivanie professional'noi nadezhnosti letchika na etape podgotovki k poletam // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2007. № 8. S. 33.
32.
Bogomolov A.V., Kukushkin Yu.A. Avtomatizatsiya personifitsirovannogo monitoringa uslovii truda // Avtomatizatsiya. Sovremennye tekhnologii. 2015. № 3. S. 6-8.
33.
Kozlov V.V. Kontseptsiya chelovecheskogo faktora kak metodologicheskaya osnova analiza prichin oshibochnykh deistvii letchikov // Chelovecheskii faktor: problemy psikhologii i ergonomiki. 2006. № 4. S. 31-35.
34.
Zinkin V.N., Soldatov S.K., Dragan S.P., Pirozhkov M.V., Bogomolov A.V., Ryzhenkov S.P. Aviatsionnyi shum i problemy bezopasnosti poletov // Problemy bezopasnosti poletov. 2013. № 5. S. 3-12.
35.
Sharov V.D. Metodologiya upravleniya bezopasnost'yu poletov v aviakompanii na osnove znachimosti pokazatelei riskov // Transport Rossiiskoi Federatsii. 2015. № 6(61). S. 43-46.
36.
Matsievskii Yu.M. Upravlenie faktorami riska dlya bezopasnosti poletov // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta grazhdanskoi aviatsii. 2014. № 2(7). S. 5-15.
37.
Ponomarenko V.A. «Chelovecheskii faktor» v polete // Krasnaya zvezda, 26.05.2015. http://www.redstar.ru/index.php/news-menu/v-armiyakh-sng/kyrgyzstanarmy/item/23921-chelovecheskij-faktor-v-poljote
38.
Ponomarenko V.A., Vorona A.A. Predposylki dlya razvitiya profilakticheskoi voennoi aviatsionnoi meditsiny // Voenno-meditsinskii zhurnal. 2014. T. 335. № 10. S. 55-59
39.
Lukash A.A., Dimitriev Yu.V., Zhitnikov A.G. Metody ergonomicheskogo obespecheniya razrabotki sistem upravleniya ergaticheskikh kompleksov // Trendy i upravlenie. 2015. № 2. C. 154 - 161. DOI: 10.7256/2307-9118.2015.2.14472.
40.
Maiorova Yu.A., Guzii A.G. Utomlyaemost' pilotov kak psikhofiziologicheskii faktor riska bezopasnosti aviatsionnykh poletov // Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. 2015. № 7. C. 707 - 716. DOI: 10.7256/2070-8955.2015.7.15222.
41.
Esev A.A., Lagoiko O.S. Metodika avtomatizirovannoi obrabotki izobrazhenii v aviatsionnykh sistemakh vizual'nogo monitoringa vnekabinnoi obstanovki // Programmnye sistemy i vychislitel'nye metody. 2015. № 1. C. 79 - 88. DOI: 10.7256/2305-6061.2015.1.14304.
42.
Lushkin A.M. Matematicheskoe obespechenie avtomatizirovannogo prognosticheskogo kontrolya bezopasnosti poletov // Programmnye sistemy i vychislitel'nye metody. 2015. № 1. C. 108 - 117. DOI: 10.7256/2305-6061.2015.1.14116.