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Шарнаускене Т.В. Precedent as a regulator of social relations (to the history of the question)

Published in journal "Философия и культура", 2017-4 , pages 89-94.

Resume: The experience of legal practice of the precedent encourages the generalizing methodological approach towards an important aspect of examination of society as a whole, culture, education, and development of personality that allows coming to a level of their socio-philosophical comprehension. Absence of the sufficient legal grounds in the statutory law for resolution of any case is compensated by referring to the previous judicial practice and precedents. The search for them is a specific aspect of solutions that are being constantly formed by a man in the surrounding environment and sociocultural reality. It is extremely important that in all spheres of activity, including judicial practice, emerges a need for referring to the corresponding precedents. In legal practice, such pursuit is reduced to juridical formalization. The article makes an attempt of socio-philosophical comprehension of society, legal culture, culture as a whole, socialization of personality, and process of cognition using the sociocultural approach and precedent method. Conceptual foundation of the conducted analysis consists in examination of public relations, human activity, and culture as the universal aspects of society, the description of which allows characterizing the latter as a phenomenon, essence, and reality. In other words, socio-philosophical categories such as “human activity – social relations – culture” manifest as the key logical means of perceiving society as a unique phenomenon of reality, complicated in the level of organization of formation of the actual reality. The particular historical source used for the methodological generalizations consists in the history and legal culture of Russia and Great Britain, as well as their impact upon the establishment and development of social institutions. The author analyzes the main notions of English common law and equity, legal precedent and statutory law, and system of sources of the existing law of England.

Keywords: Process of cognition, Legal thinking, Law, Socialization of personality, Social development, Precedent, Culture, Human activity, Social relations, Society

DOI: 10.7256/2454-0757.2017.4.19511

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