Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2002,   Articles in work: 345 Declined articles: 795 
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

The Strategy of Shanghai Cooperation Organization as an act of “soft law” within the transnational economic relations
Shilina Mariya Gennad'evna

Post-graduate student, the department of Public and Private International Law, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”; Advisor of the Chairman of the Board on Information Policy and Communications; Foundation Siberian Expert Center “Modernization”

101000, Russia, Moscow, Myasnitskaya Street 20
Другие публикации этого автора



This article examines the relevant questions of the international legal regulation of economic relations within the modern mechanisms of the transnational economic cooperation, by means of the acts of “soft law”. Particularly, the author reviews the Strategy of development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) until 2025 as the most recent act of “soft law” of the international organization. The adoption of Strategy and its importance is substantiated by the dynamic development of SCO under the complicated geopolitical and geoeconomic realities. The article analyzes the positions of the Strategy pertaining to the economic component of the organization, as well as the structure of the document. For the first time the most recent and fundamental positions that stipulate the parameters of development, as well as peculiarities and flaws of this act from the perspective of opportunities of the legal regulation of economic activity within the space covered by SCO competence. The author defines the options of the possible regional economic integration into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, considering the newest positions of the Strategy. Realization of the “Silk Road Economic Belt” project in the context of SCO is being researched. The author determines the key obstacles, as well as suggests recommendations for the joint collaboration of SCO with the project. The conclusion is made that the existing in SCO international legal regulation of the transnational cooperation in economic sphere, based on the Strategy and taking into account the proposed by the author recommendations, will allow to productively and competently develop the economic vector in SCO, as well as contribute into the intensification of the economic cooperation between the member-states of SCO and other states of the Eurasian Continent. The Strategy as the act of “soft law” represents the modern relevant document, which is the optimal tool for resolution of the tasks of joint development of the states with different interests and level of development of the economies.

Keywords: Russia and China, SCO, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, state economic cooperation, Strategy of development, soft law, international organizations, international law, regional economic integration, international economic law



Article was received:


Review date:


Publish date:


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Dogovor o dolgosrochnom dobrososedstve, druzhbe i sotrudnichestve gosudarstv-chlenov ShOS (16.08.2007 g.). // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015]
Velizhanina M. Yu «Myagkoe pravo» i ego rol' v regulirovanii mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii. // «Yurist-mezhdunarodnik», 2006, № 3. S. 52-58.
Kashkin S. Yu., Chetverikov A. O. Osnovy integratsionnogo prava. Uch. posobie. M.: Prospekt, 2015. 224 – s.
Kashlach O. V. Normy «myagkogo» prava: ponyatie i priznaki // Zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii. 2006, № 2. S. 26-32.
Kolodkin R. A. Kritika kontseptsii «myagkogo prava» // Sovet. gosudarstvo i pravo. 1985. № 12. S. 95-99.
Lukashuk I. I. Normy mezhdunarodnogo prava v mezhdunarodnoi normativnoi sisteme. M., 1997. S. 124.
Lukashuk I. I. Mezhdunarodnoe «myagkoe» pravo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1994. № 8-9. S. 159-167.
Lukin A. V. Nuzhno li rasshiryat' ShOS? // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Lukin A. V. Shankhaiskaya organizatsiya sotrudnichestva: v poiskakh novoi roli // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Soglashenie mezhdu pravitel'stvami gosudarstv-chlenov ShOS o nauchno-tekhnicheskom sotrudnichestve 13.09.2013. // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Soglashenie mezhdu pravitel'stvami gosudarstv-chlenov ShOS o sozdanii blagopriyatnykh uslovii dlya mezhdunarodnykh avtomobil'nykh perevozok. 12.09.2014. // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Strategiya razvitiya Shankhaiskoi organizatsii sotrudnichestva do 2025 g. (10.07.2015, Ufa). // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Strategiya ekonomicheskogo partnerstva stran BRIKS do 2020 g. (10.07.2015, Ufa). // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Khartiya Assotsiatsii stran Yugo-Vostochnoi Azii, 20.11.2007. // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Khartiya Shankhaiskoi organizatsii sotrudnichestva. 07.06.2002, Sankt-Peterburg. // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Shilina M.G. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie transportno-logisticheskogo vzaimodeistviya gosudarstv v ramkakh ShOS // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki. 2015. № 3. S. 78–87.
Shilina M.G. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva v ramkakh ShOS: osobennosti, problemy, perspektivy // Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal. № 4 (83), aprel'. 2015. S. 39-41.
Shilina M.G. Noveishie mekhanizmy ekonomicheskogo vzaimodeistviya Rossii i Kitaya: Shankhaiskaya organizatsiya sotrudnichestva i «Ekonomicheskii poyas Velikogo shelkovogo puti» // Biznes. Obshchestvo. Vlast'. 2015. № 22. S. 1-14. // URL: [Data obrashcheniya: 20.10.2015].
Balassa Béla. The Theory of Economic Integration, 1961. 324 – pp.
Chinkin C.M. The Challenge of Soft Law: Development and Change in International Law//The International and Comparative Law Quaterly, Vol. 38, No. 4 (Oct 1989). pp. 850-866.
Dinah Shelton. Introduction: Law, Non-Law and the Problem of “Soft Law”, in Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System (Dinah Shelton ed., 2000). pp. 709-714.
Gold, J. Strengthening the Soft International Law of Exchange Arrangements // American Journal of International Law. 1983. Vol. 77. N 3. pp. 443-489.
Voronina T.V. Evolution of forms and mechanisms of regional economic integration development, Regional economics: theory and practice, 2011 no. 5 (188). pp. 57-63.
Alekseenko O.A. Shankhaiskaya organizatsiya sotrudnichestva kak element formirovaniya mnogopolyarnogo mira na regional'nom urovne // Politika i Obshchestvo. - 2015. - 5. - C. 629 - 636. DOI: 10.7256/1812-8696.2015.5.13471.