Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1916,   Articles in work: 289 Declined articles: 811 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Mastering silent reading in native Russian and foreign German languages
Maiorova Yuliya Anatol'evna

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, the department of Speech-Language Pathology, Moscow Psychological-Social University

115191, Russia, Moskva, g. Moscow, pr-d Roshchinskii 4-Yi, 9A

jul_g@mail.ru

Abstract.

 
Primary education is the period when a student masters the aloud and silent reading. The skill of silent reading proceeds much quicker, because a reader is able to retain more information, comprehension of which can be better without sounding out than in reading aloud (L. S. Vygotsky, M.F. Gnezdilov, M. R. Lvov, T. G. Ramzaeva, N. N. Svetlovskaya). Therefore, the silent reading is socially significant (M. I. Omorokova, L. S. Vygotsky). The article provides the results of study of the silent reading among students in their native (Russia) and foreign languages. The subject of this research is the specificity of formation of the technical and semantic aspects of silent reading in Russian and German languages among the students of primary school; 48 students participated in experimental case study; the experience of reading in Russian language was the same as in German, and comprised three years. The research allowed determining the common factors of formation of the silent reading skill in native and foreign languages, close connection between the technical and semantic aspect of silent reading in Russian language, and lack of such correlation in reading in the foreign language. The demonstrated by the students results of silent reading in the native language are noticeable higher (despite the absence of target teaching of silent reading in both, native and foreign languages); it can be explained by the fact that in early and preschool age they were listening to the adult reading in native language, and since the beginning of school practiced reading aloud on their own.
 

Keywords: factors of formation of reading skill, experience of silent reading, dyslexia, reading in foreign language, reading in native language, interrelation parameter of reading, semantic aspect of reading, technical aspect of reading, silent reading, mixed form of dyslexia

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8736.2018.1.20691

Article was received:

20-10-2016


Review date:

14-10-2016


Publish date:

21-03-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Altukhova T.A. Korrektsiya narushenii chteniya u uchashchikhsya nachal'nykh klassov s trudnostyami v obuchenii: Posobie dlya uchitelei nachal'nykh klassov. Belgorod: Izd-vo Belgor. gos. un-ta. - 1998.- 116 s.
2.
Velichenkova O.A., Rusetskaya M.N. Logopedicheskaya rabota po preodoleniyu narushenii chteniya i pis'ma u mladshikh shkol'nikov. M.: Natsional'nyi knizhnyi tsentr. - 2015.- 320 s.
3.
Vygotskii L.S. Predystoriya razvitiya pis'mennoi rechi / Sobr. soch.v 6-ti tt. M.: Prosveshchenie. - 1983. - T.3. - S.117-200.
4.
Guzii Yu.A. (Maiorova) Chtenie "pro sebya" u shkol'nikov s osobennostyami zritel'nogo vospriyatiya. Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. - 2015. - S.152.
5.
Dem'yanenko M.Ya., Lazarenko K.A., Mel'nik S.V. Osnovy obshchei metodiki obucheniya inostrannym yazykam. Teoreticheskii kurs [Dlya fak. romano-germ. filologii] / Pod obshch. red. M.Ya. Dem'yanenko. Kiev: Vishcha shk.- 1984. - 255 s.
6.
Inshakova O.B., Maiorova Yu.A. Narusheniya chteniya «pro sebya», kak odin iz pokazatelei disleksii u mladshikh shkol'nikov obshcheobrazovatel'noi shkoly // European Social Science Journal «Evropeiskii zhurnal sotsial'nykh nauk». Riga - M. - 2012. - Vyp. 4(20).- S. 63-74.
7.
Kiseleva V.S. «Smeshannaya» disleksiya i ee vzaimosvyaz' s osobennostyami razvitiya kratkovremennoi zritel'noi pamyati i ustnoi rechi // Vestnik Vyatskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. - 2010. - № 1(3). - S.115-121.
8.
Kornev A.N. Narusheniya chteniya i pis'ma u detei [Tekst]. SPb.: Rech'. - 2003. - 330 s.
9.
Maiorova Yu.A. Kompleksnaya metodika formirovaniya molchalivogo chteniya u shkol'nikov s disleksiei, obuchayushchikhsya na nachal'noi stupeni obshchego obrazovaniya // Vestnik MGOU seriya «Pedagogika». - 2015. - № 2.- S. 79-86.
10.
Neiropsikhologicheskaya diagnostika, obsledovanie pis'ma i chteniya mladshikh shkol'nikov / Pod red. T.V.Akhutinoi i O.B. Inshakovoi. M.: Tvorcheskii tsentr Sfera. V. Sekachev.- 2008.- S. 128.
11.
Omorokova M.I. Sovershenstvovanie chteniya mladshikh shkol'nikov: Metodicheskoe posobie dlya uchitelya. M.: Prosveshchenie. - 2001. - 160 s.
12.
Omorokova M.I. Chtenie v nachal'nykh klassakh: Metodicheskoe posobie. Tula: OOO Izd-vo «Rodnichok»; M.: «Izd-vo Astrel'»: OOO «Izd-vo AST». - 2003. -124 s.
13.
Brambati S.M. Neuropsychological deficits and neural dysfunction in familial dyslexia // Brain Research. -2006.- V. 1.- P. 174-185.
14.
Grigorenko E.L. The first candidate gene for Dyslexia. PNAS 100. -2003. - 11190-2.
15.
Miller P. The role of visual and phonological representations in the processing of written words by readers with diagnosed dyslexia: Evidence from a working memory task // Annals of Dyslexia. -2009. -V. 59. -C. 12-33.