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Mastering silent reading in native Russian and foreign German languages
Primary education is the period when a student masters the aloud and silent reading. The skill of silent reading proceeds much quicker, because a reader is able to retain more information, comprehension of which can be better without sounding out than in reading aloud (L. S. Vygotsky, M.F. Gnezdilov, M. R. Lvov, T. G. Ramzaeva, N. N. Svetlovskaya). Therefore, the silent reading is socially significant (M. I. Omorokova, L. S. Vygotsky). The article provides the results of study of the silent reading among students in their native (Russia) and foreign languages. The subject of this research is the specificity of formation of the technical and semantic aspects of silent reading in Russian and German languages among the students of primary school; 48 students participated in experimental case study; the experience of reading in Russian language was the same as in German, and comprised three years. The research allowed determining the common factors of formation of the silent reading skill in native and foreign languages, close connection between the technical and semantic aspect of silent reading in Russian language, and lack of such correlation in reading in the foreign language. The demonstrated by the students results of silent reading in the native language are noticeable higher (despite the absence of target teaching of silent reading in both, native and foreign languages); it can be explained by the fact that in early and preschool age they were listening to the adult reading in native language, and since the beginning of school practiced reading aloud on their own.
Keywords: factors of formation of reading skill, experience of silent reading, dyslexia, reading in foreign language, reading in native language, interrelation parameter of reading, semantic aspect of reading, technical aspect of reading, silent reading, mixed form of dyslexia
Article was received:20-10-2016
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .