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Авакова О.В. Formation of a professional culture of the police officers by means of a foreign language

Published in journal "Полицейская деятельность", 2017-2 , pages 29-34.

Resume: The research subject is the English language as a means of professional communication. The author considers the problem of misunderstanding between Russian police officers and the representatives of other cultures, caused by the lack of language proficiency and second-language skills, primarily, the English language, since it has undoubtedly become the language of international communication. The author substantiates the role of the foreign language for police officers training. One of the key tasks of educational institutions within the Ministry of Internal Affairs is the training of professional and dutiful police officers, able to work up to world standards. Forming the linguistic culture by means of studying foreign languages, the police officers gain professional communication experience. The author emphasizes the fact that language proficiency, communication skills, and successful communication, are those success factors, which can have a positive impact on professional activities of police officers, and the foreign language will not be an obstacle, but a key to mutual understanding.
The research method is the unified cognitive methodological approach, which includes the methods of logical analysis, conceptual analysis, person-activity approach, communicational approach, and culturological approach, which reveals the unity of axiological and person-activity aspects. The research novelty is determined by the tasks and the very object of the research. The cognitive approaches are linked with the functional and pragmatic approach, which defines the purpose of the language through its application, the purposes and the situation of communication, i.e. the extralinguistic factors. Since a language is a part of humanities knowledge, studying a foreign language can promote understanding of another instrument of cognition of the reality, and demonstrate the humanitarian culture with other esthetic criteria, thereby increasing the professional level of students. 

Keywords: society, law, professional culture, law enforcement agencies, foreign language, policing, research, method, police, state

DOI: 10.7256/2454-0692.2017.2.20923

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