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Creativity and transgression in N. A. Berdyaevs teaching: paths of Russian philosophy in light of the crisis of European metaphysics
Faritov Vyacheslav Tavisovich

Doctor of Philosophy

Docent, the department of philosophy, Ulyanovsk State Technical University

432027, Russia, Ul'yanovskaya oblast', g. Ul'yanovsk, ul. Severnyi Venets, 32

vfar@mail.ru

 

 
Abstract. This article examines interrelation between the Russian philosophy and the crisis of European metaphysics based on analysis of N. A. Berdyaev’s book “The Meaning of Creativity”. The position is substantiated that the initial point of movement of Berdyaev’s philosophical thought is the crises of metaphysics and search for ways to overcome it. Following the ideology of F. Nietzsche’s doctrine, N. A. Berdyaev subjects to criticism the “metaphysical theory of two worlds” alongside the philosophy of “transcendentalism. According to Berdyaev, the philosophy of creativity can suggest the way of exiting crisis for the Western philosophy. Analyzing the key positions of “The Meaning of Creativity”, the author comes to a conclusion that creativity in the concept of Russian thinker represents a transgressive phenomenon. In his teaching, Berdyaev realizes the transition from metaphysics of transcendence towards philosophy of transgression. Thus, the article explicates the correlation between N. A. Berdyaev’s doctrine with the context of post-Nietzschean paradigm of Western philosophy of the XX century.   
Keywords: Hegel, Nietzsche, Berdyaev, creativity, transgression, transcendence, Russian philosophy, Bataille, Bakhtin, path of Russia
DOI: 10.25136/2409-7144.2017.5.21468
Article was received: 18-12-2016

Review date: 18-12-2016

Publish date: 04-06-2017

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

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