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Accuracy and staging effect in the historical newsreel
Beliakov Viktor

External doctoral candidate, the department of Film Studies, Russian State University of Cinematography named after S. Gerasimov; Head of Archival Fund, Church Research Center "Orthodox Encyclopedia"  

105120, Russia, Moscow, Nizhnyaya Syromyatnicheskaya Street 10A, office #109



The article deals with the question of how accurate is one or another filmed event, as well as its correspondence with the realities of time. Having analyzed a number of archival chronicle film footage, the author can be assured that multiple scenes were filmed using the staging elements, and some of them staged. This becomes noticeable in working with the early national newsreel of the World War I period. Although, separate scenes are authentic. The author attempts to identify which criterion and knowledge form the accuracy of the footage. The source of such knowledge usually imply the ordinary experience of the audience, previously seen films, books, and other types of mass media. In addition, in shooting the chronicle material, the camera operators try to follow the certain moral and ethical norms of the historical period. Staging elements in the early newsreel are traced not only on the example of the World War I period, but also the so-called imperial documentaries and film magazines of the era. It is noted that in separate cases, the camera operators during the film editing, used not only the linear methods, but also acquired the skills of essential film editing, which was inherent to the later period. It is concluded that the historical newsreel not always demonstrates the objective truth of an event; the filmed images often carry the organizational and prearranged character, beginning from staging separate scenes, ending with following to the established ritual of one or another ceremony.

Keywords: film image, film shooting, camera operator, director, audience, staging, historical event, newsreel, film footage, editing archival cinematography



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