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Ergonomic aspects of ensuring state aviation safety
Abstract.The subject of this research is the modern medical, engineering technical, and psychological issues of ensuring state aviation safety. The author examines such aspects of the topic as reduction of the risks of state aviation safety due to ensuring the professional and functional reliability of a pilot as the key element of the flight safety control system. Particular attention is given substation of the priority directions of resolution of the identified issues by improving the life support systems and safety equipment of a pilot, the potential capabilities of which lag behind the rate of increase of the flight technical performance of state aviation aircraft. The research methodology combines methods of systemic analysis, ergonomics, aviation medicine, reliability theory, flight psychology of work, engineering of complex systems, aviation psychophysiology, and engineering psychology. The main conclusions of the study lie in the particularized promising directions aimed at improving the life support systems and protective gear of a pilot maximally focused towards the human factor. Special contribution of the author into this research consists in justification of fact that the realization of the listed directions requires mandatory cooperation of the experts in the field of aviation medicine and psychophysiology with the aircraft engineers, developers of safety systems, and specialists on avionic equipment.
Keywords: aircraft performance, protective gear of pilot, life support system, protection of pilot, aviation ergonomics, flight safety, state aviation, human factor, flight crew, engineering of aircraft equipment
Article was received:29-01-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .