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Classification of Multicultural Education
Abstract.The purpose of the article is to analyze and present a classification of risks of multicultural education within the system of higher vocational education in the Republic of Armenia. Taking into account the monoethnic but multicultural educational system, the author of the article emphasizes the need and describes particularities of the multicultural education in Armenia. The results of the empirical research allow to make a statement that the multicultural education needs to take into account the ethnic structure of the region (limited trans-national communication) and opportunities provided by the cross-cultural dialogue (subject-object dialogue with rituals, traditions, customs and art of different cultures). The author of the article proves that it is impossible to avoid risks in an actual teaching process, thus it is important to describe, classify and diagnose pedagogical risks of multicultural education. Within the framework of the research risks mean uncertainty that may cause unfavorable situations or consequences in the process of implementing a multicultural educational model. The author of the article views pedagogical risks of multicultural education as a set of all unforeseen reactions and demonstrations that relate to difficulties that may arise when actors of the educational system change from the monocultural to multicultural way of thinking. These difficulties create an apparent or hidden danger for the fulfilment of multicultural educational tasks. The author of the article analyzes researches devoted to risks and pedagogical risks and describes risks of multicultural education. The results of the empirical research allow to prove the importance of the issue for the teaching process. The results of a series of researches carried out by the author in 2010 - 2017 allow to define the following risks of multicultural education taking into account the ethnic structure of the region and opportunities provided by the cross-cultural dialogue: strategic, personal, psychological, communicaton and socio-cultural risks. Analysis of particularities, opportunities and risks of multicultural education in today's world will allow to take into account cultural and educational interests of representatives of different national and ethnic groups which, on the one hand, plays a strategic role for competition of educational institutions under the conditions of mobile education and switch of universities to the international level. On the other hand, analysis of efficient methods and mechanisms of prevention or ways and technologies of minimization of risks in a modern multicultural environment will make the process of personality development in today's cross-cultural and diversified world more harmonous and full.
Keywords: readiness, multicultural society, empirical study, socio-cultural risks, risk communication, psychological risks, personal risks, strategic risks, risk, multicultural education
Article was received:20-02-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .