Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1986,   Articles in work: 324 Declined articles: 787 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Power and Transgression: phenomenon of masses in the contemporary social space
Balakleets Natalia Aleksandrovna

PhD in Philosophy

associate professor of the Department of Philosophy at Ulyanovsk State Technical University

432027, Russia, Ulyanovsk, str. Severnyi Venets, 32

bnatalja@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The article deals with the study of the phenomenon of the masses which is constituted in the contemporary social space. The author explicates a number of factors that impede the unequivocal social and philosophical definition of masses. Basing on the researches of Oswald Spengler, Gustave Le Bon, Gabriel Tarde, Elias Canetti, Herbert Marcuse, Jean Baudrillard and other thinkers, the author identifies two main trends in the interpretation of the mass phenomenon. According to the first of them, the mass is treated as an amorphous unorganized multitude, which has a transgressive character. In the context of the second trend mass forms of social life are considered as structured and orderly. Particular attention is paid to the peculiarities of the constitution of the masses, interaction of masses and power in the technological society.The study is based on the poststructuralist methodology that allows to interpret masses and power using such categories as "transgression", ontological "rest" and "excess". In addition, the author uses the method of comparative analysis and the interdisciplinary approach.The novelty of the research lies in explication of the dependence of masses characteristics on the specific of the social space which causes the masses constitution. The author introduces the concepts of "internal transgression topos" and "excess topoi", applying them to the analysis of social space elements. If the first of these elements are produced by a system of power relations with the aim of its self-preservation; the latter are used for the implementation of the strategy of eluding the mass forms of social existence.

Keywords: body, excess, crowd, modern society, social space, transgression, masses, power, topos, technique

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2018.2.22208

Article was received:

05-03-2017


Review date:

06-03-2017


Publish date:

22-02-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Lebon G. Psikhologiya tolp // Psikhologiya tolp. – M.: Institut psikhologii RAN, Izd-vo «KSP+», 1998. – S. 13-254.
2.
Kanetti E. Massa i vlast'. – M.: Astrel', 2012. – 574 s.
3.
Geiger Th. Die Legende von der Massengesellschaft // Archiv für Rechts-und Sozialphilosophie. Vol. 29. No 3. (1951). – S. 305-323.
4.
Tard G. Mnenie i tolpa // Psikhologiya tolp. – M.: Institut psikhologii RAN, Izd-vo «KSP+», 1998. – S. 255-408.
5.
Shpengler O. Zakat Evropy. – Mn.: Kharvest, M.: AST, 2000. – 1376 s.
6.
Bodriiyar Zh. V teni molchalivogo bol'shinstva, ili Konets sotsial'nogo // Yaspers K., Bodriiyar Zh. Prizrak tolpy. – M.: Algoritm, 2007. – S. 186-241.
7.
Ortega-i-Gasset Kh. Vosstanie mass. – M.: OOO «Izdatel'stvo AST», 2002. – 509 s.
8.
Nikish E. Klerk // Politicheskie sochineniya. – SPb.: «Vladimir Dal'», 2011. – S. 344-408.
9.
Markuze G. Odnomernyi chelovek. – M.: «REFL-book», 1994. – 368 s.
10.
Marcuse H. One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. URL: https://www.marxists.org/ebooks/marcuse/one-dimensional-man.htm#s9 (data obrashcheniya: 28.02.2017)
11.
Spengler O. Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Zweiter Band: Welthistorische Perspektiven. – München: C.H. Beck’sche Buchhandlung. – 635 S.
12.
Yunger F. Nitsshe. – M.: Praksis, 2001. – 256 s.
13.
Balakleets N.A. Politiko-filosofskie idei N.M. Karamzina // Sotsiodinamika. – 2016. – № 10. – S. 70-82. DOI: 10.7256/2409-7144.2016.10.20753
14.
Moskovichi S. Vek tolp. Istoricheskii traktat po psikhologii mass. – M.: «Tsentr psikhologii i psikhoterapii», 1998. – 480 s.
15.
Winter G.-H. “Helm ab, wir haben verloren.” Darstellung und Reflexion des Krieges in der Literatur der ‘Jungen Generation’ unmittelbar nach 1945 (W. Borchert, A. Andersch, E. Loest) // Imaginäre Welten im Widerstreit. Krieg und Geschichte in der deutschsprachigen Literatur seit 1900. – Würzburg: Verlag Königshausen & Neumann GmbH, 2007. – S. 78-96.
16.
Ol'denburg R. Tret'e mesto: kafe, kofeini, knizhnye magaziny, bary, salony krasoty i drugie mesta «tusovok» kak fundament soobshchestva. – M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2014. – 456 s.
17.
Zukin Sh. Kul'tury gorodov. – M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2015. – 424 s.
18.
Toffler E. Tret'ya volna. URL: http://www.nadprof.ru/library/books/Toffler/13.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 28.02.2017)
19.
Lesh K. Vosstanie elit i predatel'stvo demokratii. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Logos», Izdatel'stvo «Progress», 2002. – 224 s.
20.
Balakleets N.A. Geshtal't partizana kak transgressivnyi fenomen: k politiko-filosofskoi teorii partizana Karla Shmitta // Politika i obshchestvo. – 2015. – № 7. – S. 943-951. DOI: 10.7256/1812–8696.2015.7.15740
21.
Yunger E. Ukhod v les. URL: http://coollib.com/b/242302/read (data obrashcheniya: 28.02.2017)
22.
Nitsshe F. Utrennyaya zarya // Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: V 13 tomakh. T. 3. – M.: Kul'turnaya revolyutsiya, 2014. – S. 9-306.
23.
Appel' F. Nitsshe protiv demokratii. – SPb.: Nauka, 2016. – 287 s.