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Дворцов В.Е., Казанчев И.Т. Criminological assessment of crime latency determinants in the sphere of cadastral activities

Published in journal "Полицейская деятельность", 2017-2 , pages 1-8.

Resume: The authors study one of the topical issues in the sphere of crimes prevention in cadastral activities – determination of criminological determinants of latency. Based on the results of a representative criminological study, the authors reveal the peculiarities, determining latent crimes in the sphere of cadastral activities. The authors analyze the contemporary state and the dynamics of crimes in the sphere under consideration, and focus on judicial practice; characterize the revealed determinants of latency of the considered compositions of crimes, and reveal the possible causes and factors of their formation; study the subject of crimes and the victimologic aspect. The methodological base of the research includes general theoretical and specific research methods of cognition, including criminological observation (statistical observation); interviewing and questioning of the officials of law enforcement agencies, specializing in investigation of crimes in the sphere of economic activities; study of the latest works on criminal law and criminology, the current legislation, and judicial practice; induction and deduction; statistical methods (collection and classification, detection of common features, statistical analysis). The importance of studying crime latency in the sphere of cadastral activities is actualized by the necessity to raise the effectiveness of application of criminal law and the prestige of law-enforcement agencies, which, everything else being equal, are negatively related to the latent crime rate, since at the high level of unrevealed and undetected, and, consequently, unpunished, crimes, many may want to satisfy their needs by committing a crime. The present work is the first and the only existing study of crime latency determinants in the sphere of cadastral activities. Its theoretical importance consists in the fact that its results can serve as a basis for the development of criminal-legal and criminological methods of crimes prevention in this sphere, and the development of proposals about the improvement of criminal legislation. The practical importance consists in the possibility to apply the achieved results for the purpose of prevention of crimes in cadastral sphere. 

Keywords: expert assessment method, criminological observation, judicial practice, police activity, criminal responsibility, determinants of latency, cadastral activity, crime, improvement of criminal law, prevention of crimes

DOI: 10.7256/2454-0692.2017.2.22209

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