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The population of Nizhny Novgorod region in conditions of the transforming social and cultural environment (second half of XIX – beginning of XX century). Marriages, divorces
Abstract.Object of research is public life of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half the XIX beginning of the 20th century in the conditions of the transformed sociocultural environment. The author has considered numerical, age, class structure of the population of the province during the specified period. The matrimonial legislation of the Russian Empire of the end of the 19th century is studied. Marital status of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province, age of marriage, number of stains, the reasons of stains, difficulties which the spouses wishing to dissolve a marriage met is investigated. The ratio of legitimate and illegit-imate children in the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half of the 19th centu-ry is revealed. A methodological basis of a research are as general scientific methods of knowledge (the analysis and synthesis), and special (comparative and aggregate, i.e. collecting the separate facts from sources of different types and types). Novelty of a research first of all consists in introduction to a scientific turnover of a new circle of sources of this perspective. The author has studied fundsCentral archive of the Nizhny Novgorod Region: fund of the Nizhny Novgorod state chamber, fund of Office of the prosecutor of the Nizhny Novgorod district court, fund of the Nizhny Novgorod diocese. In the conclusion the author comes to a conclusion that in the Nizhny Novgorod province in the second half of the 19th century practically in all age and social groups prevailed women. The traditional family was characteristic of the bulk of the population of the Nizhny Novgorod province. Number of stains and the number of convicts for crimes against the semeystvennykh in the Nizhny Novgorod province is right was insignificant. Article can be of interest to experts in historical demography.
Keywords: divorce, criminal punishment, marriage, marital status, population distribution by age, population census, Nizhny Novgorod province, spiritual Consistory, illegitimate children, crimes against family
Article was received:02-05-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .