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Society of Jesus right before 500th anniversary of the Reformation
Galibina-Lebedeva Elena Sergeevna

PhD in History

Educator, the department of World History, Russian State University for the Humanities

125993, Russia, Moscow, Miusskaya Ploschad 6

elenagal@yandex.ru
Abstract. The goal of this article consists in the attempt to prove that the Society of Jesus, which was created for the purpose of fighting the ideas of Reformation 477 year ago, did not lose its significance in modern world and continues to assert the Christian ideals and resolve new challenges faced by humanity in the XXI century, including the threat of a new world war, international terrorism, loss of moral and ethical values, lack of resources, and at the same time, reckless consumption, impose of the values of individualism and intense rivalry. The subject of this research is the ideology of the Society of Jesus and arising from it domestic and foreign policy of its successors. The article analyzes broad material regarding the life and activity of the Roman Catholic Church as a whole, and Society of Jesus in particular over the period of the late XX – early XXI centuries. Special attention is given to such issues as: struggle of the Society of Jesus against their ideological opponents - Masonic lodges, "Opus Dei" and liberalism; search for the allies for protection of humanistic ideals and a fair economic system, among different political powers and traditional religions, as well as atheists – the supporters of the Communist values and Marxist ideology. The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive examination of the modern political role of Society of Jesus in Vatican and internationally. The aforementioned questions become especially relevant due to the anniversary dates that fall onto the second half of 2017: the 500th anniversary of Reformation, 30th  anniversary of the Masonic Grande Lodge, and 100th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.
Keywords: Russian Orthodox Church and Vatican, state of Christian values, equality and brotherhood, ideas of justice, Vatican Bank, Opus Dei, Masonic Grand Lodge, Ideological confrontation, 500th anniversary of Reformation, Society of Jesus
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2017.6.22363
Article was received: 27-03-2017

Review date: 24-03-2017

Publish date: 16-06-2017

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

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