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The Practice of Using Interactive Technologies and Problem Training in the Process of Teaching Technical Disciplines for Students of Secondary Vocational Education
Abstract.Modern high-level requirements for training skilled workers and mid-level professionals require the academic community to introduce new pedagogical technologies that would contribute to the enhancement of intellectual activity of students to solve increasingly complex production problems. Implementation of interactive forms and methods in conjunction with the problem-based learning enables a fundamentally new way to look at the process of teaching academic disciplines and modules. There is an opportunity to provide practice-oriented learning even in the process of teaching traditional disciplines. The interaction of the instructor with students is meant to ensure the application of acquired knowledge in practice by performing any professional activity when solving situational tasks. The authors of this article discuss the implementation of this approach in the process of teaching technical graphics to college students. The authors present methodical development of the practical lessons for this discipline where the student's task is close to the real production situation and involves them into analysis of the problem, finding its solution, learning to argue and defend their professional position. Students work in small groups; elements of the master class, brainstorming, discussions, forms of self-control and mutual control are implemented. Presented methodical development can be taken as a basis and used after adaptation to a particular course by teachers of different engineering disciplines who want to better prepare and conduct their classes. This approach does not only increase the effectiveness of individual lessons but also contributes to the activation of educational-cognitive activity of students, better assimilation of the studied material, and provides practical orientation of the learning process that is an integral part of training of graduates who are going to participate in the work of modern innovative production.
Keywords: effectiveness of training, quality of teaching, activation of educational-cognitive activity, case problem, problem-based learning, technical graphics, practice-oriented training, interactive technology, vocational secondary education, methodical development
Article was received:25-03-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .