Human existence in post-human world (prolegomena to the philosophy of phenomenological substantialism)
Kutyrev Vladimir Aleksandrovich
Doctor of Philosophy
professor of the Department of History, Methodology and Philosophy of Science at N. I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod.
Abstract. This article reveals and structures the key stages of the “oblivion of being” in the history of philosophy. The final refusal of it became the transcendental phenomenology of Husserl. It became the first earthly experience of emergence of post-human form of thinking as a speculative-philosophical provision of information revolution. Logos and macro-reality depart under the pressure of digitalism and virtualism. The world is real as an identical to itself Thought. There takes place the refusal of being as thingness and resistance in favor of being as the relations that can be cognized through its predestination and “reshuffle” to Nothingness. Preservation of human vital world must lean on the substantial (realistic) phenomenology – phenomenological substantialism. The author depicts the boundaries of such new methodology, and introduces the notion of phenomenon-substance (ontophany) that contradicts to the principle of scientific-reductionist modelling of the world. It is illustrated that being cannot be reduced to any form of knowledge. In such case, it would be a different reality. In light of the task for reconstructing philosophy, the author assesses the modern state of phenomenological movements, reveals the essence of anthropological conservatism as an ideology of preservation of “our realization” of the possible worlds, as well as introduces the concept of “eternal renewal of one and the same”.
transcendental, Heidegger, Husserl, realism, phenomenology, other, being, Dasein, ontophany, antropological conservatism
Article was received: 27-04-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.