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Soviet-Norwegian relations and the image of Norway in Soviet printed media over the period of 1955 – 1960’s (using the material of “Pravda” newspaper)
Abstract.The subject of this research is the image of Norway in Soviet printed media over the period of 1955 – 1960’s, which was formed under the influence of transnational relations between the Soviet Union and Norway. The object is the Soviet-Norwegian relations under the conditions of crucial changes in the system of global politics and international relations. Special attention is given to the peculiarities of establishment and transformation of the image of Norway alongside the character of Soviet-Norwegian relations in Soviet printed media over the stated timeframe. The concept of myth (generalized perception of the reality) lies in the foundation of this work. Examination of the reflection of reality in the consciousness, as well as effect of the political myths upon the formation of a desired image of any objects is a necessary condition for analyzing the printed media. The scientific novelty consists in the attempt to trace the qualitative transformations of Norway’s image in the Soviet printed media over the period of 1955 – 1960’s. The following conclusions were made: in 1954 – 1955 the criticism of Norwegian pro-NATO policy acquires constraint character, which was a result of achieving certain balance in the bilateral relations; the image of Norway becomes neutral. Visit of Einar Gerhardsen to USSR in 1995 alongside the following visits of high officials in 1964 and 1965 positively affected the relations between the state, and thus, resulted in formation of a pleasant image in the printed media. However, the question of Norway’s membership in NATO remained topical. Due to the fact that on the intergovernmental was achieved close cooperation, and within the NATO block have increased centrifugal trends, the media were actively discussing a possible exit of Norway from the organizations. Dissatisfaction of the Soviet leadership by the decision of Norwegian government to remain the member of NATO led to worsening of the bilateral relations in 1970’s.
Keywords: neutralism, Norway, USSR, cold war, Soviet press, image of Norway, Soviet-Norwegian relations, NATO, Foreign policy, Soviet threat
Article was received:14-05-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .