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Italian parliamentary debates on the Syrian problem in the context of the 2015 migration crisis
Abstract.The author studies the Italian parliamentary debates of 3 July 2012 on the draft law about the participation of Italian troops in the UN peacekeeping operation called the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS). The purpose of the research is to study the mentioned debates in the context of the 2015 European migration crisis caused by intensification of military activities in Syria, provoked by both the confrontation between the regime of Bashar al-Assad and the opposition, and by the struggle against the largest terrorist organization – the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The main research methods are the comparative-legal and the descriptive-narrative. The author concludes that the opposition and the majority had been united by the wish to avoid the intervention into Syria. But while the opposition didn’t offer any alternative variants, the majority block called upon to combine the efforts for diplomatic settlement of the conflict. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the issue under discussion hasn’t been studied in the Russian science so far.
The author concludes that despite the fact that the Chamber of Deputies of Italy had considered various issues connected with the Syrian conflict, and the measures and activities which could have prevented it, the parliamentarians couldn’t predict the situation in Syria to go beyond the regional borders and provoke the critical situation on the external borders of the European Union. Since 2013, the Syrians have topped the rating of the total number of migrants. The Syrian conflict is still far from being managed, and the causes of the migration wave are still urgent.
Keywords: Syria, Italian troops, the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria, migration flows, crisis, European Union, migrants, Italian Parliament , migration crisis, Italy
Article was received:03-06-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .