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Historical Change of the Psychologies of Freedom in the Soviet Man's Spirituality Development: Experience of the 1940's - early 1990 of XXth Century
Abstract.In this article the author tries to explore the psychological changes in the freedom of the soviet man as a part of his spiritual development (1941-1992). The subject of the research is the historical dynamics of the psychology of the soviet man's freedom. The researcher analyzes the relationship between the psychology of freedom and socio-cultural and political phenomena of the Soviet society that influenced the substantial content of the latter. The objective of the research to identify peculiarities of historical evolution of freedom and its impact on soviet spirituality. In order to achieve the aforesaid objective the author of the article has used the following research methods: axiological method, phenomenological method and method of systems analysis. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes historical dynamics psychology of freedom in the spirituality of the Soviet man. Research results: in a difficult war time there was a positive dynamics of the psychology of freedom in the spiritual development of man. In the postwar period there was a decline in the positive dynamics of the psychology of freedom because of government dictatorship. After the 1960s the Soviet society formed a stable model of a free spiritual development of man as an important element of society. That model lived till the mid 1980s, however, it did not have the positive dynamics of the psychology of freedom in the spiritual development of man. The easing of state censorship by the mid – 1980s caused positive dynamics of change in the psychology of freedom in spiritual development. However, since the early 1990s there has been a decrease in positive dynamics due to the loss of correct psychological guidance of free spiritual development. The obtained results can be of interest to psychologists, sociologists and philosophers who study the historical interaction of human freedom and spirituality of society and man in different periods of the world history.
Keywords: spiritual security, landmarks of spiritual development, alteration, archetype, spiritual development, Great Patriotic War, spirituality, psychology of freedom, soviet human, cultural heritage
Article was received:11-05-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .