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Some Aspects of the Preservation of the Cultural Heritage in the Churches of the Savior-Euphrosyne Monastery in Polotsk at the Present Stage
Abstract.The article is focused on the topic of the preservation of cultural movable objects under the conditions of operating churches, which is a current topic in the context of modern practical church and museum activity. The subject of analysis is the features of movable cultural monuments and the factors affecting their preservation. The article addresses the example of how it is permissible, for the sake of preserving a historical and cultural heritage, to reject the historically fair concept of setting up a relic in its native environment. The author identifies the main causes that influenced the adoption of this decision. To preserve movable monuments, the author selected other, more appropriate locations in churches that operate on the territory of the monastery. The study's research is based on the comparative and interdisciplinary methods. Of significant value to the work are also the descriptive, historical, analytical methods, and the method of scientific observation. The author's particular contribution to the research of this topic is that she collected and analyzed the microclimate parameters of this unique church and gives a description of some movable cultural valuables. The novelty of this study is that the author explicates the dependence of the particularities of cultural valuables' placement on the temperature and humidity regime (THR) inside and outside the room, using the example of the existing churches of the convent in the city Polotsk. The author puts forward the assumption that for the preservation of the cultural heritage it is necessary to conjoin administrative, scientific, and historical approaches.
Keywords: microclimate, movable cultural monument, monumental painting, immovable cultural monument, textiles, Polotsk’s valuables, restoration, preservation, silver reliquary, Savior-Transfiguration church
Article was received:10-06-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .