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Control of students’ lessons in the universities of Russian Empire in the second part of XIX – the beginning of XX century
Abstract.Control of students’ lessons is one of the most important moments of the passing of university course, that’s why changes in the university system always concerned students' exams. It was a kind of tool to influence the students and the university corporations, which could decide by themselves how a student should be controlled or could not decide this and carry the rules of Ministry. The article deals with a changing in control of the students’ lessons in the universities of Russian Empire in the second part of XIX – the beginning of XX century from the sides of the particular features of educational institutions and the general direction of education policy. In the focus of the article, there is also the process of changing the grade scale in universities.
Keywords: Russian Empire, Ministry of Public Education, examinations, grade scale, tests, end-of-half-year test, subject system of education, education reforms, state regulation, natural science departments
Article was received:14-06-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .