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Three Pages from the Heritage of Academician B. A. Rybakov
Katamadze Nadezhda Shakrovna

PhD Candidate, Section of Source Studies, History Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University

History Department of MSU, Lomonosovsky prospekt 27-4, Moscow 119991 Russia


The subject of this research is the article of Academician B. A. Rybakov dedicated to the problems in studying the culture of the Russian peasantry in the 19th century. The scholar outlined the key difficulties in studying folk culture - the ignorance of it by modern researchers. The academician draws attention to those informational layers that can be found in such sources as Russian language, folklore, craft artifacts and others. The aim of this article is to conduct an examination of the issue highlighted by B. A. Rybakov through the application of the historiographical approach. The historiographical approach allows the uncovering of the formation principles of certain knowledge on the history of the Russian peasantry. The undertaking of this research led to the solution of the problem. In the article, the author points to the existence in society for many decades of a negative position with regards to the history of the Russian peasantry which prevents the formation of knowledge about real historical phenomena and processes. For this reason, the author pays particular attention to the manifestations of a positive assessment of the peasant world. The article uses a creative approach to the disclosure of the stances expressed by B. A. Rybakov. In reviewing each specific question the author turns to the works of outstanding figures of science and art: S. A. Esenin, V. V. Selivanov, S. T. Konenkov, G. V. Sviridov. Thus, the study reveals the intersection of thoughts, ideas and views on the peasantry, expressed by different people. At the end of the article, the author concludes that only empirical filling of the issues will provide an opportunity to investigate the history of the peasantry and the real processes taking place in society, which undoubtedly points to the prospects of further examination of this topic.

Keywords: tradition, personal files, succession, source studies, discussions, spiritual experience, interdisciplinary approach, methodology, historiography, Russian peasant culture



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