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The Political Significance of Russian Liberals in the Perception of Socialists (1901-1904)
Abstract.The research subject of this article is the attitude of Russian socialist parties towards the liberal movement and their evaluation of its political significance on the eve of the Revolution of 1905-1907. The understanding of this aspect of the Russian socialists' ideology allows to clarify the origins of the tactical principles of the Socio-Democrats and Socialists-Revolutionaries to which they adhered during the time of the first Russian revolution, as well as to identify the differences in their perception of the essence of the political regime. The article examines the issue of alliance in the Russian opposition movement at the beginning of the 20th century as seen by the Socialist parties. The methodological basis of this study is the comparative-historical method, which permits to identify the essential features of the ideology of two Russian socialist parties by means of comparing their relations towards representatives of liberal ideology during the time of the latter's growth of degree of opposition. The novelty of this research lies in its use of the comparative method for studying the issue of alliance in the Russian opposition movement at the beginning of the 20th century. This approach has allowed to reveal that both the Social-Democrats and Socialists-Revolutionaries were prepared to consider liberals as their allies in the fight against the existing regime, viewing them as an oppositional force. However, the demands put forward by the Russian liberals were not sufficiently democratic for the socialists to consider it possible to support them in any practical way.
Keywords: unity of opposition, Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, socialist-revolutionary, political struggle, universal election law, issue of alliance, liberalism, socialism, social movement
Article was received:03-07-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .