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Successes and Failures of the Mission of J. Durich and M. R. Stefanik in Russia: a Discussion of the Issue of Sending Prisoners of War to France
Moshechkov Petr Vladimirovich

PhD Candidate, Section of the History of Southern and Western Slavs, History Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii prospekt, 27, korp. 4

pmoshechkov@yandex.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this study are the negotiations with the government of the Russian Empire and the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian army held in the summer and autumn of 1916 by two representatives of the Czech-Slovak National Council: a deputy from the Czech Agrarian Party, Josef Durich, and a citizen of the French Republic, Milan Rastislav Stefanik, a Slovak by birth. The author pays particular attention to the contacts of these politicians with Emperor Nicholas II and officials of the foreign political and military departments of the Russian Empire. The author also examines in detail another important aspect of this topic: the position of the Russian side regarding the issue of the transfer of Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war of Czech and Slovak origin to the Western Front. The variety of sources on this topic made it possible to apply the historical-genetic method of research, which has allowed to identify the successive stages in the process of the formation and development of the issue of sending Czech-Slovak prisoners of war from the Russian Empire to France. The use of the historical-comparative method made it possible to compare the projects of Russian military and diplomats in solving the question of the participation of prisoners of war in combat operations on the fronts of the First World War. The scientific novelty of this study lies in its use of historical sources previously inaccessible to researchers. These are documents on the process of the formation of the Czech-Slovak corps in Russia. Of particular interest among these sources are the memoirs of J. Durich and M. Jeanin, which have rarely been used in scientific works. The use of these materials made it possible to evaluate the activities of Durich and Stefanik in the Russian Empire in 1916. The author's examination has allowed him to come to the conclusion that the latter's trip to Russia is undoubtedly crucial for the further resolution of the issue of creating an autonomous Czech-Slovak army on the Western Front.

Keywords: Kiev Agreement, prisoners of war, Czech-Slovak army, Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, military department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Council of Ministers, France, Russian Empire, First World War

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0609.2018.2.23607

Article was received:

29-09-2017


Review date:

18-07-2017


Publish date:

15-04-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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