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Police of the Russian Empire in Terms of Modern Historical-Legal Researches
Abstract.The article presents a review of the research-and-practice conference 'State and Law: Evolution, Modern State, Prospects for Development (Devoted to the 300th Anniversary of the Russian Police) that was held in St. Petersburg, University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, on 27 - 28 of April, 2017. The conference involved scientists, practical lawyers and young researchers interested in evolution, modern state and development prospects of Russia's police system. Participants of the conference focused on the development of the police law theory and determination of its place in the history of studies of law and state; retrospective analysis of organization and activity of the Russian Empire's police, Temporary Government's militsia, Soviet militsia and Russian Federation police. The author of the present article provides a review of reports and speeches read at the conference that were devoted to the following issues: contents of the police law theory and its role in the organization of the Russian police activity; formation and development of the Russian Empire's police system; break-down of the Russian Empire's police system and opportunities of using that experience today. In the process of preparing summaries of conference reports, the author of the article has used the hermeneutical approach to demonstrate what conference participants thought of pattern and particularities of the Russian Empire's police development based on their analysis of broad materials (including archives) by using modern methods of historical-legal science. The author of the article has used general research methods such as analysis and synthesis and elements of the formal legal approach and the method interpreting legal texts. In this research Nizhnik summarizes work of modern Russian researchers who used new sources and references to study the history of the Russian police and focused on understudied facts and events of the police formation and development, and carried out a critical analysis of the main provisions in the Russian histriography regarding police activity in the Russian Empire. At the year of the 100th anniversary of the Revolution of 1917 and prior to the 300th anniversary of Russia's police, summary of the experience of the Empire police and analysis of perspectives to use their experience as it was presented at the conference will enlarge research and historical knowledge and may improve police activity of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: police legal theory, police studies, police of the Russian Empire, militsia of the Temporary Government, Ministry of Internal Affairs, 300th anniversary of the Russian police, police system, law-enforcement system, history of the Russian police, international conference
Article was received:10-08-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .